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Spain - Grand Tour! 2014 Trip Report

John Muddeman
06/07/2014 22:21:27

An abbreviated trip report describing the highlights of this highly rewarding 13-day route ranging from incoming migrants at the southernmost tip of Spain to the mountain-dwelling gems of the high Pyrenees in the far north.

Posted in: Dragonflies and Damselflies, Reptiles, Birds, Mammals | Andalusia, Aragon, Castile-Leon, Extremadura | Mainland Spain, Northern Spain, Southern Spain, Western Spain, Central Spain


At the end of this tour, in keeping with Djebel Mussa in N Morocco as seen across Strait of Gibraltar © John MuddemanDjebel Musa, N Morocco over Strait of Gibraltar© John Muddeman previous years, I asked (albeit for fun) for the group to provide their top ten ‘birds of the trip’, but this can also be other trip highlights… This not only reflects some of the best birds and observations, but also special moments and, of course, the different perspectives of the participants. With two keen photographers on board, this greatly broadened the scope of options and once again the answers were many and varied and for this year’s Grand Tour of Spain there was no winner! Highlights ranged from the Pyrenean landscapes and sunrise over the plains in Extremadura, through comical swimming flamingos and ‘speed-fishing’ spoonbill, colourful groups of flying flamingos, and a terrific number of individual species, from the critically endangered Northern Bald Ibis on day one through to the lovely Tawny Owl on the last afternoon! The variety in species and comments is a fine reflection of the tour and its route across an enormous variety of Spanish landscapes over the 13 days. From the steep-sided mountains of the Strait of Gibraltar and Moroccan coastline through the marshes of Doñana, to the pseudosteppe and holm oak woods of Extremadura to the stony plateau at Sepúlveda and finally to the snow-topped peaks of the high Pyrenees with their lush green valleys.

Short-toed Eagle - Circaetus gallicus © John MuddemanA migrating Short-toed Eagle
Circaetus gallicus
© John Muddeman
But it was a birding trip….and some very special birds kept us entertained from the very first day. We started with a watch to look for incoming migrants over the Strait, and groups of Black Kites, numbers of migrating Short-toed and Booted Eagles, single Egyptian vulture and a few Lesser Kestrels were a terrific indication of just how good raptor watching is in Spain! A detour on route to the hotel was greatly enjoyed, leading us to an unlikely-seeming roadside site for breeding Northern Bald Ibis! Critically endangered birds, albeit from a reintroduction program, shouldn’t really do this!

Another day around the Strait provided ample opportunity to sample a wide variety of habitats, and their corresponding bird species. An early start on the coast produced a distant Razorbill, a new species for the tour, plus a few Gannets and Sandwich Terns, another coastal area produced a couple of European Shags, while the nearby coast once again revealed a fine passage of raptors, including a Eurasian Sparrowhawk, one of the first Honey-buzzards of the year and the first of two Eurasian Hobby for the day. Rushing out of the restaurant just before lunch to see a group of Griffon Vultures struggle in low overhead was the icing on the cake! Collared Pratincole - Glareola pratincola © John MuddemanAn elegant Collared Pratincole
Glareola pratincola
© John Muddeman
A nearby piece of cork oak forest once again made us work hard for the small birds, but Iberian Chiffchaff, Firecrest and Crested Tit were highlights amongst others. Returning to Tarifa we again went in search of the only pair of Common Bulbuls in Europe, and after waiting for a while went for another tactical coffee stop... We returned to quickly find the first of at least two chicks and an adult or two, and colonisation of the species in Europe seems to be almost inevitable! Driving another very different area towards dusk produced a wide range of species, from Western Purple Swamphen to iberiae Yellow Wagtail, plus a superb Egyptian Mongoose, rounding off a very full day.

With excellent continuing weather, our transfer towards Doñana took us to a series of salt pans and other coastal habitats. Heavy shorebird migration was underway and the first area alone produced a terrific selection from a colony of Collared Pratincoles and dozens of Black-winged Stilts, through Stone-curlew, Eurasian Whimbrel, Red Knot, Curlew Sandpiper, Little Stint, Ringed, Kentish and Grey Plovers, Bar-tailed Godwit, Common Redshank, Common Greenshank and Green and Common Sandpipers of most note. More migrants included our first Eurasian Spoonbills One of about 25 Little Swifts - Apus affinis © John MuddemanOne of about 25 Little Swifts
Apus affinis
© John Muddeman
and a mixed passing flock of Grey and Purple Herons, plus Spotted Flycatcher, and excellent views of local Calandra Lark and Tawny Pipit amongst others. Further along the coast was a special site where a wheeling flock of noisy Little Swifts delighted no sooner had we stepped outside, though some pools and more salt pans produced more gems: in the form of several displaying White-headed and a lone Marbled Duck, Red-knobbed Coot, Little Terns and a Slender-billed Gulls and lots more shorebirds, plus dapper Common Shelduck and Black-necked Grebe and our first Red Kite.

Doñana was very warm and atypically dry in much of the seasonal marsh, but many birds were on the extensive wet area in front of the hotel. We were treated to the mass colony of herons and egrets at our lunch site, plus a brief fly-by Little Bittern, and great views of Glossy Ibis, Squacco and Purple Herons, Eurasian Spoonbill, Greater Flamingos (just outside the hotel), Red-crested Pochard and Pochard, Whiskered Terns, a few Northern Pintail, a single male Garganey, a brief Black-tailed Godwit, our first Ruff, singing Lesser Short-toed Lark, Red-rumped Swallows, numerous fly-by Iberian Magpies, a Western Olivaceous Bar-tailed Godwits - Limosa lapponica © John MuddemanFeeding Bar-tailed Godwits
Limosa lapponica
© John Muddeman
Warbler (finally!) and other Mediterranean species such as Woodchat Shrike, European Bee-eater and Golden Oriole. The woodlands and scrub held Wryneck, migrant Pied Flycatcher, Thekla Lark, Dartford and Sardinian Warblers and Eurasian Tree Sparrow, and all the time raptors passed overhead.

Estuary birds were well represented at another site and in addition to breeding Osprey (yes, it’s a rare breeding bird in Iberia!), our first Montagu’s Harriers showed, a few Audouin’s Gulls finally showed, large numbers of shorebirds included numerous Bar-tailed Godwit and Eurasian Curlew, plus the mudflats were seething with fiddler crabs! Eight Black Terns skittered past offshore while along a breakwater several Northern Wheatears and Woodchat Shrikes posed for photos.

Leaving Doñana behind we headed north to Extremadura stopping for a Rufous Scrub Robin and our first Alpine Swift, Black Wheatear, Rock Bunting, Blue Rock Thrush and Crag Martins on the way. An unusually hot and dry spring meant that the grass was already rather high and the heat-haze a problem later in the day so an early start on the plains was needed, and came up trumps, with a few calling Little and displaying Great Bustards, a high-flying and displaying Black-bellied Sandgrouse, Summer plumaged Spotted Redshank - Tringa erythropus © John MuddemanSummer plumaged Spotted Redshank
Tringa erythropus
© John Muddeman
a small group of Pin-tailed Sandgrouse emerging occasionally above the grass and a couple of Short-toed Larks all enjoyed! The rest of this day was spent in a mixture of habitats to try and find one or two special birds and a tip-off led us eventually to some excellent still wet rice fields. A colony of Lesser kestrels, two juvenile Black-winged Kites, summer plumaged Spotted Redshank, Temminck’s Stint and Wood Sandpipers, displaying(!) male Ruff, Northern Lapwing, our only European Roller (some have still to return this year even as I write mid-May!), a superb pair of Black-eared Wheatears and our first ever Red Avadavats were all excellent finds.

Given it was the equivalent of the May Day holiday weekend, unlike usual we didn’t dedicate a full day to Monfragüe, but most of two mornings instead. Black Storks, Spanish Imperial, Bonelli’s, Booted and Short-toed Eagles, Black, Griffon and Egyptian Vultures, Red and Black Kites, Common Kestrel, Peregrine, an Eagle Owl chick, Rock Sparrows, Crag Martins, Blue Rock Thrush, Dartford and Subalpine Warblers, our first and only proper Eurasian Golden Orioles (again thanks to a coffee stop!) and even a superb Eurasian Otter all appeared... Other varied wetland and scrub sites included more raptors, Little Bittern and Spectacled Nerpio the young male Lammergeier - Gypaetus barbatus © John MuddemanNerpio the young male Lammergeier
Gypaetus barbatus
© John Muddeman
Warbler, but the sight of a juvenile Lammergeier at close range in Monfragüe was truly remarkable! After the initial shock of seeing one here, we quickly noted two whitish stripes in the wings and a small bump on the back – bleached feathers and a small GPS harness of a bird belonging to the reintroduction scheme in the mountains of N Andalucía! Indeed this particular bird was Nerpio, a juvenile male released the year before... Simply brilliant bird-filled days, with leisurely lunches and all topped with nice evening meals, good local wine and stunning scenery.

Dupont’s Lark has something of a reputation as a very difficult bird to see, even though it can be heard relatively easily in season…. But of course, if we could see one on our first evening then the pressure would be off. So after a long haul from Extremadura we arrived just in time to give it a try, though approaching the site along a track there was another large group of birders already waiting! Nothing so far they said, but I (somewhat jokingly) said give it 15 minutes and at 1915h, like last year, one will appear… But it was just 5 minutes this time and remarkably again we had superb extended views of this rather elusive European/Maghreb endemic standing atop a rock singing its heart out! What an atmosphere, smiles all round, followed by a lovely warm welcome at our hotel, more good wine, a refreshing beer or two, and a lovely dinner with a homemade Spanish dessert. Certainly an evening to remember!

A fine male Dupont's Lark - Chersophilus duponti © John MuddemanA fine male Dupont's Lark
Chersophilus duponti
© John Muddeman
The following day outside our hotel we started with singing Cirl Bunting, Woodlark, Melodious and Western Orphean Warblers. After breakfast we saw our first Ortolan Bunting, plus Cetti’s and ‘good’ Western Bonelli’s Warblers and other small birds at a lovely riverside stop before beginning the long, long journey into the Pyrenees. A short walk to stretch our legs after arriving revealed singing Song Thrush, Coal Tit, Firecrest and Garden Warbler just outside the door, Cirl Buntings just down the road and a Golden Eagle over a nearby peak.

By now we were searching principally for a limited, but very exciting series of species. Excellent weather continued, but being in the mountains means striking while the iron’s hot! The following morning we set off up a winding road, seeing fleeting Eurasian Bullfinches on the way, the first of four pairs finally seen in the two full days we were there! It was a gorgeous walk through the forest, with the blue flowers of gentians, Hepatica and violets, yellow oxlips and cowslips and even green hellebore flowers sprinkled liberally alongside our path, and emerging to a huge rock face we were quickly aware of a few Alpine Swifts coming into a crack in the rock face, plus numerous House and Crag Martins nesting on the sheer limestone crag. We sat and waited, scanning the cliffs in vain, though a calling Iberian Green Woodpecker and a Marsh Tit –another first for the tour– were both noted, along with a couple of Lammergeiers over the adjacent peak below which very distant Alpine Choughs and a Southern Chamois fed on the grassy slopes! And then a Wallcreeper started singing. After a frantic minute or so we found it sat sideways on a vertical cliff, where it stayed still for around 10 minutes before finally disappearing off, allowing us all to see it well through the ‘scope and even record shots to be taken, despite the distance. Male Western Green Lizard - Lacerta bilineata © John MuddemanMale Western Green Lizard
Lacerta bilineata
© John Muddeman


The walk back seemed remarkably fast, despite pauses for singing Firecrest, three superb Western Green Lizards and scores of flowers, while a terrific male Common Crossbill audibly cracked open pine cones in a pine beside the vehicle! A displaying male Goldcrest was another addition to the bird list, while the rest of the afternoon was spent going up a valley to encounters with White-throated Dippers, more raptors and our first Yellowhammers, then a final sprint back up to the top produced a fine Eurasian Nuthatch and brief Mistle Thrush.

The next day again dawned fine and sunny and we took in a variety of sites to try and see a few more of the regions’ characteristic birds. Starting our way down produced a very brief male Red-backed Shrike, but a fine male Iberian Green Woodpecker and a couple more White-throated Dippers were justifiably admired. Another stop lower down accidentally produced our only Common Whitethroat, while an atmospheric time at the ski resorts (including a coffee stop as thick cloud rolled in!) produced Alpine and Red-billed Choughs, a lovely male Rock Thrush, plentiful Northern Wheatears close to the snow patches, sharing habitat with Water Pipits and a Black Redstart and a fat Alpine Marmot adorning a rock outcrop! An excellent lunch at ‘just another bar’ was followed by a visit to more woodland in the pre-Pyrenees, not only providing fine views towards the snow-capped peaks to the north, but also providing excellent prolonged close views of Great Spotted Woodpecker and Eurasian Bullfinch, the taunting calls of a passing Black Woodpecker were heard, and as we returned, a stunning grey morph Tawny Owl flew across and then perched in view, for a stunning finale!


SPECIES LISTS

GREYLAG GOOSE Anser anser A fishing Little Tern - Sterna albifrons © John MuddemanA fishing Little Tern
Sterna albifrons
© John Muddeman

COMMON SHELDUCK Tadorna tadorna
MALLARD Anas platyrhynchos
GADWALL Anas strepera
NORTHERN PINTAIL Anas acuta
NORTHERN SHOVELER Anas clypeata
MARBLED DUCK Marmaronetta angustirostris
GARGANEY Anas querquedula
RED-CRESTED POCHARD Netta rufina
COMMON POCHARD Aythya ferina
WHITE-HEADED DUCK Oxyura leucocephala
RED-LEGGED PARTRIDGE Alectoris rufa
*COMMON PHEASANT Phasianus colchicus
BLACK-NECKED GREBE Podiceps nigricollis
LITTLE GREBE Tachybaptus ruficollis
GREAT CRESTED GREBE Podiceps cristatus
NORTHERN GANNET Morus bassanus
GREAT CORMORANT Phalacrocorax carbo
EUROPEAN SHAG Phalacrocorax aristotelis
LITTLE BITTERN Ixobrychus minutus
BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT HERON N. nycticorax
SQUACCO HERON Ardeola ralloides
CATTLE EGRET Bubulcus ibis
LITTLE EGRET Egretta garzetta
GREAT EGRET Egretta alba
GREY HERON Ardea cinerea A male Spanish Common Crossbill - Loxia curvirostra © John MuddemanA male Spanish Common Crossbill
Loxia curvirostra
© John Muddeman

PURPLE HERON Ardea purpurea
WHITE STORK Ciconia ciconia
BLACK STORK Ciconia nigra
GLOSSY IBIS Plegadis falcinellus
NORTHERN BALD IBIS Geronticus eremita
EURASIAN SPOONBILL Platalea leucorodia
GREATER FLAMINGO Phoenicopterus roseus
LAMMERGEIER Gypaetus barbatus
EURASIAN GRIFFON VULTURE Gyps fulvus
EURASIAN BLACK VULTURE Aegypius monachus
EGYPTIAN VULTURE Neophron percnopterus
OSPREY Pandion haliaetus
GOLDEN EAGLE Aquila chrysaetos
SPANISH IMPERIAL EAGLE Aquila adalberti
BOOTED EAGLE Hieraaetus pennatus
BONELLI'S EAGLE Hieraaetus fasciatus
SHORT-TOED SNAKE-EAGLE Circaetus gallicus
RED KITE Milvus milvus
BLACK KITE Milvus migrans
WESTERN MARSH HARRIER Circus aeruginosus
MONTAGU'S HARRIER Circus pygargus
COMMON BUZZARD Buteo buteo
EUROPEAN HONEY BUZZARD Pernis apivorus
EURASIAN SPARROWHAWK Accipiter nisus
BLACK-WINGED KITE Elanus caeruleus Spanish Imperial Eagle - Aquila adalberti © John MuddemanDiving Spanish Imperial Eagle
Aquila adalberti
© John Muddeman

COMMON KESTREL Falco tinnunculus
LESSER KESTREL Falco naumanni
EURASIAN HOBBY Falco subbuteo
PEREGRINE FALCON Falco peregrinus
COMMON MOORHEN Gallinula chloropus
EURASIAN COOT Fulica atra
RED-KNOBBED COOT Fulica cristata
(WESTERN) PURPLE SWAMPHEN Porphyrio porphyrio
GREAT BUSTARD Otis tarda
LITTLE BUSTARD Tetrax tetrax
PIED AVOCET Recurvirostra avosetta
BLACK-WINGED STILT Himantopus himantopus
STONE-CURLEW Burhinus oedicnemus
COLLARED PRATINCOLE Glareola pratincola
LITTLE RINGED PLOVER Charadrius dubius
COMMON RINGED PLOVER Charadrius hiaticula
KENTISH PLOVER Charadrius alexandrinus
GREY PLOVER Pluvialis squatarola
NORTHERN LAPWING Vanellus vanellus A gorgeous Trumpet Gentian - Gentiana clusii © John MuddemanA gorgeous Trumpet Gentian
Gentiana clusii
© John Muddeman

RED KNOT Calidris canutus
SANDERLING Calidris alba
DUNLIN Calidris alpina
CURLEW SANDPIPER Calidris ferruginea
TEMMINCK'S STINT Calidris temminckii
LITTLE STINT Calidris minuta
RUDDY TURNSTONE Arenaria interpres
WOOD SANDPIPER Tringa glareola
GREEN SANDPIPER Tringa ochropus
COMMON SANDPIPER Actitis hypoleucos
COMMON REDSHANK Tringa totanus
SPOTTED REDSHANK Tringa erythropus
COMMON GREENSHANK Tringa nebularia
BLACK-TAILED GODWIT Limosa limosa
BAR-TAILED GODWIT Limosa lapponica
EURASIAN CURLEW Numenius arquata
EURASIAN WHIMBREL Numenius phaeopus
RUFF Philomachus pugnax
BLACK-HEADED GULL Chroicocephalus ridibundus
SLENDER-BILLED GULL Chroicocephalus genei
YELLOW-LEGGED GULL Larus michahellis
AUDOUIN’S GULL Larus audouinii
LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL Larus fuscus graellsii
LITTLE TERN Sterna albifrons
SANDWICH TERN Sterna sandvicensis A migrant female Nothern Wheatear - Oenanthe oenanthe © John MuddemanA migrant female Nothern Wheatear
Oenanthe oenanthe
© John Muddeman

GULL-BILLED TERN Gelochelidon nilotica
BLACK TERN Chlidonias niger
WHISKERED TERN Chlidonias hybrida
*RAZORBILL Alca torda
BLACK-BELLIED SANDGROUSE Pterocles orientalis
PIN-TAILED SANDGROUSE Pterocles alchata
*ROSE-RINGED PARAKEET Psittacula krameri
ROCK DOVE Columba livia
COMMON WOOD PIGEON Columba palumbus
EURASIAN COLLARED DOVE Streptopelia decaocto
EUROPEAN TURTLE DOVE Streptopelia turtur
COMMON CUCKOO Cuculus canorus
EURASIAN EAGLE OWL Bubo bubo
TAWNY OWL Strix aluco
LITTLE OWL Athene noctua
COMMON SWIFT Apus apus
PALLID SWIFT Apus pallidus
ALPINE SWIFT Apus melba
LITTLE SWIFT Apus affinis
EURASIAN HOOPOE Upupa epops
COMMON KINGFISHER Alcedo atthis
EUROPEAN BEE-EATER Merops apiaster
EUROPEAN ROLLER Coracias garrulus
BLACK WOODPECKER Dryocopus martius
IBERIAN GREEN WOODPECKER Picus (viridis) sharpei A quaint male Cirl Bunting - Emberiza cirlus © John MuddemanA quaint male Cirl Bunting
Emberiza cirlus
© John Muddeman

GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKER Dendrocopos major
EURASIAN WRYNECK Jynx torquilla
COMMON SKYLARK Alauda arvensis
CRESTED LARK Galerida cristata
THEKLA LARK Galerida theklae
WOODLARK Lullula arborea
GREATER SHORT-TOED LARK Calandrella brachydactyla
LESSER SHORT-TOED LARK Calandrella rufescens
CALANDRA LARK Melanocorypha calandra
DUPONT'S LARK Chersophilus duponti
COMMON SAND MARTIN Riparia riparia
EURASIAN CRAG MARTIN Ptyonoprogne rupestris
BARN SWALLOW Hirundo rustica
RED-RUMPED SWALLOW Cecropis daurica
COMMON HOUSE MARTIN Delichon urbicum
TAWNY PIPIT Anthus campestris
WATER PIPIT Anthus spinoletta
WHITE WAGTAIL Motacilla alba
SPANISH 'yellow' WAGTAIL Motacilla (flava) iberiae
GREY WAGTAIL Motacilla cinerea
WHITE-THROATED DIPPER Cinclus cinclus
DUNNOCK Prunella modularis
EUROPEAN ROBIN Erithacus rubecula
COMMON NIGHTINGALE Luscinia megarhynchos
RUFOUS BUSH ROBIN Cercotrichas galactotes A roadsign Eurasian Jackdaw - Corvus monedula © John MuddemanA 'roadsign' Eurasian Jackdaw
Corvus monedula
© John Muddeman

BLACK REDSTART Phoenicurus ochruros
NORTHERN WHEATEAR Oenanthe oenanthe
BLACK-EARED WHEATEAR Oenanthe hispanica
BLACK WHEATEAR Oenanthe leucura
WHINCHAT Saxicola rubetra
COMMON STONECHAT Saxicola torquatus
SONG THRUSH Turdus philomelos
MISTLE THRUSH Turdus viscivorus
COMMON BLACKBIRD Turdus merula
BLUE ROCK THRUSH Monticola solitarius
RUFOUS-TAILED ROCK THRUSH Monticola saxatilis
GARDEN WARBLER Sylvia borin
BLACKCAP Sylvia atricapilla
COMMON WHITETHROAT Sylvia communis
WESTERN ORPHEAN WARBLER Sylvia hortensis
SARDINIAN WARBLER Sylvia melanocephala
SPECTACLED WARBLER Sylvia conspicillata
SUBALPINE WARBLER Sylvia cantillans
DARTFORD WARBLER Sylvia undata
ZITTING CISTICOLA Cisticola juncidis A super male Rhino Beetle - Copris sp. © John MuddemanA super male Rhino Beetle
Copris sp.
© John Muddeman

CETTI'S WARBLER Cettia cetti
SAVI'S WARBLER Locustella luscinioides
SEDGE WARBLER Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
EUROPEAN REED WARBLER Acrocephalus scirpaceus
GREAT REED WARBLER Acrocephalus arundinaceus
MELODIOUS WARBLER Hippolais polyglotta
ISABELLINE WARBLER Hippolais opaca
WILLOW WARBLER Phylloscopus trochilus
WESTERN BONELLI'S WARBLER Phylloscopus bonelli
COMMON CHIFFCHAFF Phylloscopus collybita
IBERIAN CHIFFCHAFF Phylloscopus ibericus
*GOLDCREST Regulus regulus
FIRECREST Regulus ignicapilla
EURASIAN WREN Troglodytes troglodytes
SPOTTED FLYCATCHER Muscicapa striata
PIED FLYCATCHER Ficedula hypoleuca
GREAT TIT Parus major
COAL TIT Periparus ater Corn Bunting - Emberiza calandra © John MuddemanCorn Bunting
Emberiza calandra
© John Muddeman

EUROPEAN BLUE TIT Cyanistes caeruleus
CRESTED TIT Lophophanes cristatus
*MARSH TIT Poecile palustris
LONG-TAILED TIT Aegithalos caudatus
EURASIAN NUTHATCH Sitta europaea
WALLCREEPER Tichodroma muraria
SHORT-TOED TREECREEPER Certhia brachydactyla
IBERIAN GREY SHRIKE Lanius meridionalis
RED-BACKED SHRIKE Lanius collurio
WOODCHAT SHRIKE Lanius senator
COMMON BULBUL Pycnonotus barbatus
IBERIAN MAGPIE Cyanopica (cyanus) cooki
COMMON MAGPIE Pica pica
EURASIAN JAY Garrulus glandarius
WESTERN JACKDAW Corvus monedula
RED-BILLED CHOUGH Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
ALPINE CHOUGH Pyrrhocorax graculus
CARRION CROW Corvus corone
COMMON RAVEN Corvus corax
EURASIAN GOLDEN ORIOLE Oriolus oriolus Elder-flowered Orchid - Orchis sambucina © John MuddemanElder-flowered Orchid
Orchis sambucina
© John Muddeman

SPOTLESS STARLING Sturnus unicolor
HOUSE SPARROW Passer domesticus
SPANISH SPARROW Passer hispaniolensis
EURASIAN TREE SPARROW Passer montanus
COMMON ROCK SPARROW Petronia petronia
COMMON WAXBILL Estrilda astrild
*RED AVADAVAT Amandava amandava
COMMON CHAFFINCH Fringilla coelebs
COMMON LINNET Carduelis cannabina
EUROPEAN GOLDFINCH Carduelis carduelis
EUROPEAN GREENFINCH Carduelis chloris
EUROPEAN SERIN Serinus serinus
EURASIAN BULLFINCH Pyrrhula pyrrhula
COMMON CROSSBILL Loxia curvirostra
ORTOLAN BUNTING Emberiza hortulana
YELLOWHAMMER Emberiza citrinella
CIRL BUNTING Emberiza cirlus
ROCK BUNTING Emberiza cia
CORN BUNTING Miliaria calandra

European Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus
Iberian Hare Lepus granatensis
Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris
Alpine Marmot Marmota marmota
Egyptian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon The endemic Hepatica flower - Hepatica nobilis © John MuddemanA flower of the endemic Hepatica
Hepatica nobilis
© John Muddeman

Red Fox Vulpes vulpes
Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra
Eurasian Wild Boar Sus scrofa
Red Deer Cervus elaphus
Western Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus
Southern Chamois Rupicapra pyrenaica

Palmate Newt Triturus helveticus
Western Common Toad Bufo spinosus
Natterjack Toad Epidalea calamita
Spanish Water Frog Pelophylax perezi
Common Frog Rana temporaria
Spanish Terrapin Mauremys leprosa
Mediterranean Chameleon Chamaeleo chamaeleon
Moorish Gecko Tarentola mauretanicus
Large Psammodromus Psammodromus algirus
Ocellated Lizard Timon lepidus
Western Green Lizard Lacerta bilineata
Iberian Wall lizard Podarcis hispanica

Camberwell Beauty / Mourning Cloak Nymphalis antiopa
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina
Giant Peacock Moth Saturnia pyri
Orange-winged Dropwing Trithemis kirbyi
Rhinoceros Beetle sp. Copris hispanus hispanus



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