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SW Switzerland - Tour Report - June 09

John Muddeman
29/06/2009 22:24:17

Text from the (recent) trip report, including species lists, for this beautiful part of C Europe.

Posted in: Flora, Butterflies and Moths, Birds | Non-Iberian


Wildlfowers and view above Les Haudères © John MuddemanWildflowers & view near Les Haudères© John MuddemanLimosa Wildlife Holidays & The Travelling Naturalist Holidays

This was our 7th group to visit the region and it held all the interest as when first visited in 2002. The Val d’Herens oozes charm with its small clusters of classic Swiss-style stone and wood chalets between towering mountains and amidst a swathe of flower-rich meadows and mixed forests. With easy access both down into the much hotter Rhone Valley and up towards some of the remaining glaciers in the area, including a reasonable drive round to the Gornergrat to give views of the sky-piercing Matterhorn, it is no surprise that this area, within easy reach of Geneva, and largely within the French-speaking canton of Valais, remains a very attractive one to visit.

The mixture of meadows, pastures, woods and rock faces in this Parc Regional and Biopshere Reserve, plus the bottom of the Rhone valley to the top of the Gornergrat covers some 2500m in ascent. Not surprisingly, this correspondingly yields a superb variety of wildlife, from the harsh alpine conditions of the peaks right down to the sun-drenched S-facing slopes beside the Rhone (and the wine from there’s not bad too!). This year found the magnificent hay meadows to be marginally later than normal, but consequently, the lowest areas were still slightly better too, and we ‘mixed and matched’ in order to get the very best. Even the weather was kind Alpine Blue male © John MuddemanAlpine Blue male Albulina orbitulus© John Muddemanto us –especially for our visit to the Zermatt area where we ‘suffered’ peerless conditions–, and while typically a little mixed overall, it was generally fine and we stayed dry except on just one day.

Our arrival revealed a fine display of Black Kites as we headed from Geneva, though the hot conditions precluded much birdwatching on the way. The wealth of flowers in the dry hay meadows, their maintenance being the essence for the Park’s existence, were very much in evidence as we climbed towards our hotel. Black and Common Redstarts, European Serin, Coal Tit and a few other species sang on our arrival there, and continued to do so for the rest of the stay. Our first foray into the mountains the following day was delayed by butterfly watching in some of the magnificent, sun-drenched flower-rich hay meadows, and with Apollo, Clouded Apollo, Geranium Argus, Glanville and False Heath Fritillaries, Duke-of-Burgundy and Almond-eyed Ringlet among a myriad of others, it was a stunning start. The swathes of flowers in these meadows included a terrific mixture from pink Rock Soapwort, Broad-leaved Marsh Orchid Red Vanilla Orchid  Nigritella rubra © John MuddemanRed Vanilla Orchid
Nigritella rubra
© John Muddeman
and Alpine Sainfoin, through white Narcissus-flowered Anemone, Rock Cinquefoil, numerous umbellifers and St Bruno’s Lily, yellows in the form of Globeflower, Alpine Pasque Flower, Golden Cinquefoil, Common Kidney-vetch and abundant Horseshow Vetch, to the blues and purples of forget-me-nots, Alpine Clover, Wood Cranesbill and Round-headed Rampion, amongst many others. A truly magnificent sight, and wonderful to see how this varied during the climb even just from Evolène up towards the head of the valleys!

The bird list by the end of the first full day was good too, including excellent views of a number of the special species in the area. With a flock of Eurasian Nutcrackers (plus a few follow-ups, later), the Alpine form of Willow Tit –alongside an irate Crested Tit at one point!-, perched singing Lesser Whitethroat, Garden and Western Bonelli’s Warblers, Tree Pipit, Whinchat and Common Redpoll, plus fly-by Alpine Choughs and a meadow with three Red-backed Shrikes, it was a superb start, only aided by the excellent weather and fine meals in the local restaurants! My highlight, though perhaps not shared by all, was finding a large Asp (Viper), which when provoked gently with a walking stick while under a rock, responded with loud huffing noises, then two strikes (leaving venom on the stick!), followed finally by a swift exit to hide under a different rock, but so showing itself clearly –even if briefly– in the process!
Mountain Green-veined White male on Bird's-eye Primrose © John MuddemanMountain Green-veined White male
Pieris bryoniae on
Bird's-eye Primrose Primula farinosa
© John Muddeman

But the birds on the remainder of the tour also included a fine selection of other species, including our first Melodious Warblers –a recent colonist still expanding into the region from the SW–, and other special warblers including singing Marsh and Great Reed Warblers at the sadly now ‘hemmed-in’ Leukerfeld. Fieldfare were nesting at the hotel, the White-throated Dipper pair were down by the bridge and Firecrest in the trees on the opposite side of the valley, ‘as usual’, also allowing us to take these in comfortably during the week. Golden Eagles are relatively common in the valley, and we saw them on several occasions, with other raptors including particularly good views of European Honey Buzzards, especially a pale bird at very close range carrying a large lizard, which at first looked like a Short-toed Eagle! A few flocks of Alpine Choughs were seen closely, especially those at point-blank range on the Gornergrat, though these were outshone there by the comings and goings of several White-winged Snowfinches, flickering white as they sped past either to or from their broods of hungry chicks. Matterhorn from above Zermatt © John MuddemanMatterhorn from above Zermatt© John Muddeman A few Rock Ptarmigan were also seen chasing high across the slopes of one valley, only the second time we’d witnessed these on the tour, and they also stayed long enough to watch in the scope. These were perhaps the epitome of the Alpine species, while at the opposite extreme as hot lowland specialist, we were also treated to our first views on this tour of a few Blue Rock Thrush at their only site in the Valais Canton, this being a true highlight as the sun shone on their remarkable plumage while we watched them during an otherwise very rainy day. One of the very last birds, an immature Black Tern at Les Grangettes, was also new for this tour, and went shoulder-to-shoulder with several others only recorded here: Gadwall, Red-crested Pochard, Common Eider, Common Tern, Peregrine and Golden Oriole included, making a terrific finale in lovely weather.

As with the flowers and somewhat later than other years –apparently given a very long (6-month) snowy winter– the butterflies were also terrific, totalling 61 species in the end –including 11 ‘blues’ and 9 fritillaries–, Alpine Pasqueflower © John MuddemanAlpine Pasqueflower Pulsatilla alpina© John Muddeman and it was good to add a few new species to the already impressive list so-far recorded on this tour. These included the elegant Southern White Admiral, plus Osiris (hiding amongst the hordes of Littles!), a particularly stunning Alpine and Provençal Short-tailed Blues and Chestnut Heath. Other specialities included Mountain Green-veined and Peak Whites (watching these whizz around the top of the Gornergrat at just 6ºC was remarkable!), Moorland Clouded Yellow, Geranium Argus, False Heath Fritillary, Alpine Grayling, Large and Northern Wall Browns and a stunning Chequered Skipper. The mid-level meadows were sometimes alive with swarms of butterflies, moths, ascalaphids and small beetles, all rushing round in a frenzy, particularly in the early morning sun and making a wonderful sight.

Mammals were trickier to find than expected, perhaps because of the long snowy winter having reduced number, but the most memorable day above Ferpècle saw us finding not only three small groups of Alpine Ibex, but also a group of Alpine Chamois with the adults showing the kids how to run, jump and play about in the snow! As a bonus, even a familiar Western Hedgehog was feeding on the hotel lawn as we returned after Scarce Copper male  Lycaena vigauraea © John MuddemanScarce Copper male Lycaena virgaureae© John Muddeman our last meal, lit up perfectly in the vehicle headlights!

But no one species or group of species can be highlighted as ‘the best’, with many votes at the end of the tour concluding that the combination of the stunning flower-rich meadows and their butterflies, other insects and birds, set in stunning surroundings came out top. Seeing the ring of snow and ice-clad peaks completely surrounding the Gornergrat (plus its White-winged Snowfinches!) and in cloudless and almost still conditions was also a clear favourite, again highlighting how no one element stood out from the others. The Val d’Herens depends on tourism to maintain its character, yet has integrated this in a fantastic partnership between potentially conflicting interests: development versus conservation. Long may it continue to stay as beautiful as it has.


Systematic lists of species
(Total numbers: birds – 100; butterflies - 61)

Pheasant, Grouse & Partridges - Phasianidae
Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus muta
Ducks, Geese & Swans - Anatidae
Mute Swan Cygnus olor
Gadwall Anas strepera
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
Common Eider Somateria mollissima
Grebes - Podicipedidae
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Herons & Allies - Ardeidae
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Cormorants - Phalacrocoracidae
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Falcons & Caracaras - Falconidae
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Peregrine Falco peregrinus
Hawks, Eagles & Allies - Accipitridae
European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus
Black Kite Milvus migrans
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Rails & Crakes - Rallidae
Common Coot Fulica atra
Upper Ferpècle Valley and glacier © John MuddemanUpper Ferpècle Valley and glacier© John MuddemanPlovers - Charadriidae
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Gulls & Terns - Laridae
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Black Tern Chlidonias niger
Pigeons & Doves - Columbidae
Rock Dove Columba livia
Common Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Cuckoos - Cuculidae
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Swifts - Apodidae
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
Common Swift Apus apus
Kingfishers - Alcedinidae
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Hoopoes - Upupidae
Common Hoopoe Upupa epops
Woodpeckers - Picidae
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
Green Woodpecker Picus viridis
Shrikes - Laniidae
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
Orioles & Figbirds - Oriolidae
Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
Crows, Jays & Magpies - Corvidae
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius
Common Magpie Pica pica
Eurasian Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes
Alpine Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian Jackdaw Coloeus monedula
Carrion Crow Corvus corone
Common Raven Corvus corax
Tits - Paridae
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris
Willow Tit Poecile montana
Coal Tit Periparus ater
Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus
Great Tit Parus major
Eurasian Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus
Swallows & Martins - Hirundinidae
Eurasian Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Northern House Martin Delichon urbicum
Long-tailed Tits - Aegithalidae
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus
Larks - Alaudidae
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis
Old World Warblers - Sylviidae
Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
Eurasian Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Western Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
Alpine Milk-vetch  Astragalus alpinus © John MuddemanAlpine Milk-vetch
Astragalus alpinus
© John Muddeman
Kinglets - Regulidae
Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla
Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Wrens - Troglodytidae
Northern Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Nuthatches - Sittidae
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea
Treecreepers - Certhiidae
Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris
Starlings - Sturnidae
European Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Thrushes - Turdidae
Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
Chats & Old World Flycatchers - Muscicapidae
European Robin Erithacus rubecula
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
Dippers - Cinclidae
White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus
Sparrows, Snowfinches & allies - Passeridae
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis
Accentors - Prunellidae
Dunnock Prunella modularis
Wagtails & Pipits - Motacillidae
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
White Wagtail Motacilla alba
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
Finches & Hawaiian Honeycreepers - Fringillidae
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
European Serin Serinus serinus
European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea
Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Buntings, American Sparrows and allies - Emberizidae
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus

Mt Collom from above Arolla © John MuddemanMt Collom from above Arolla© John MuddemanMAMMALS - MAMMALIA
Squirrels - Sciuridae
Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris
Alpine Marmot Marmota marmota
Moonrats & Hedgehogs - Erinaceidae
Western Hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus
Deer - Cervidae
Western Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus
Cattle, Antelope, Sheep & Goats - Bovidae
Alpine Ibex Capra ibex
Chamois Rupicapra rupicapra

AMPHIBIANS - AMPHIBIA
Common Toad Bufo bufo
European Tree Frog Hyla arborea
Agile / Common Frog Rana dalmatina / temporaria
Common Marsh Frog Pelophylax ridibundus


REPTILES - REPTILIA
Western Green Lizard Lacerta bilineata
Common Wall Lizard Podarcis muralis
Asp Viper Vipera aspis


BUTTERFLIES - LEPIDOPTERA
APOLLOS & SWALLOWTAILS - Papilionidae
Swallowtail Papilio machaon
Scarce Swallowtail Iphiclides podalirius
Apollo Parnassius apollo
Clouded Apollo Parnassius mnemosyne
WHITES, YELLOWS & SULPHURS - Pieridae
Black-veined White Aporia crataegi
Large White Pieris brassicae
Small White Artogeia rapae
Green-veined White Artogeia napi
Mountain Green-veined White Artogeia bryoniae
Eastern Bath White Pontia edusa
Peak White Pontia callidice
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines
Moorland Clouded Yellow Colias palaeno
Clouded Yellow Colias crocea
Berger's Clouded Yellow Colias alfacariensis
Wood White Leptidea sinapis
HAIRSTREAKS, COPPERS & BLUES - Lycaenidae
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi
Blue-spot Hairstreak Strymonidia spini
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas
Scarce Copper Lycaena vigaureae
Provençal Short-tailed Blue Everes alcetas
Little Blue Cupido minimus
Osiris Blue Cupido osiris
Green-underside Blue Glaucopsyche alexis
Large Blue Maculinea arion
Silver-studded Blue Plebejus argus
Geranium Argus Eumedonia eumedon
Brown Argus Aricia agestis
Alpine Blue Albulina orbitulus
Mazarine Blue Cyaniris semiargus
Turquoise Blue Plebicula dorylas
Adonis Blue Lysandra bellargus
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus
METALMARKS - Riodinidae
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina
Gliders - subf: Limenitinae
Southern White Admiral Limenitis reducta
Vanessids & smaller Fritillaries - subf: Nymphalinae
Peacock Butterfly Inachis io
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae
Comma Polygonum c-album
Glanville Fritillary Melitaea cinxia
Knapweed Fritillary Melitaea phoebe
False Heath Fritillary Melitaea diamina
Heath Fritillary Mellicta athalia
Meadow Fritillary Mellicta parthenoides
Larger Fritillaries & Heliconians - subf: Heliconiinae
Queen of Spain Fritillary Issoria lathonia
Marbled Fritillary Brenthis daphne
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Clossiana euphrosyne
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Clossiana selene
Browns, Ringlets & Satyrs - subf: Satyrinae
Marbled White Melanargia galathea
Alpine Grayling Oeneis glacialis
Spring Gentian  Gentiana verna © John MuddemanSpring Gentian Gentiana verna© John MuddemanAlmond-eyed Ringlet Erebia alberganus
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus
Chestnut Heath Coenonympha glycerion
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria
Large Wall Brown Lasiommata maera
Northern Wall Brown Lasiommata petropolitana
SKIPPERS - Hesperiidae
Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus malvae
Large Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus alveus
Safflower Skipper Pyrgus carthami
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages
Chequered Skipper Carterocephalus palaemon
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris
Large Skipper Ochlodes venatus


DAMSELFLIES & DRAGONFLIES - ODONATA
EMERALD DAMSELFLIES - Lestidae
Migrant Spreadwing Lestes barbarus
BLUE-TAILED & RED DAMSELFLIES - Coenagrionidae
Azure Bluet/Damselfly Coenagrion puella
Common Bluet / Common Blue Damselfly Enallagma cyathigerum
Common Bluetail / Blue-tailed Damselfly Ischnura elegans
WHITE-LEGGED DAMSELFLIES - Platycnemididae
Blue Featherleg / White-legged Damselfly Platycnemis pennipes
HAWKERS & EMPERORS - Aeshnidae
Green-eyed/Norfolk Hawker Aeshna isoceles
Blue Emperor [Dragonfly] Anax imperator
Lesser Emperor Anax parthenope
DOWNY EMERALDS & allies - Corduliidae
Downy Emerald Cordulia aenea
CHASERS, SKIMMERS & DARTERS - Libellulidae
Broad Scarlet [Darter] Crocothemis erythraea
Broad-bodied Chaser Libellula depressa
Four-spotted Chaser Libellula quadrimaculata
Black-tailed Skimmer Orthetrum cancellatum


OTHER TAXA
Stonefly sp.Plecoptera
Ascalaphid sp. Libelloides longicornis
Burnet Companion Euclidia glyphica
Speckled Yellow Pseudopanthera macularia
Latticed Heath Semiothisa clathrata
Ennomine moth sp. Psodos quadrifaria
Hummingbird Hawkmoth Macroglossum stellatarum
Nine-spotted Amata phegea
Anania funebris
Pyjama Bug Graphosoma italicum
Green chafersScarabaeidae
Roman Snail Helix pomatia


Switzerland selected plant list
The following is not an exhaustive list of all those species we saw, but a list of the more obvious and or notable ones we recorded.

Moonwort Botrychium lunaria
Common Juniper Juniperus communis
Larch Larix decidua
Arolla Pine Pinus cembra
Alpine Willow Salix hegetschweileri
Aspen Populus tremula
White Poplar Populus alba
Green Alder Alnus viridis
Monks Rhubarb Rumex alpinus
Alpine Bistort Polygonum viviparum
Moss Campion Silene acaulis
Alpine Gypsophila Gypsophila repens
Rock Soapwort Saponaria ocymoides
Tunic Flower Petrorhagia saxifraga
Carthusian Pink Dianthus carthusianorum
Good King Henry Chenopodium bonus-henricus
Globeflower Trollius europaeus
Narcissus-flowered Anemone Anemone narcissiflora
Alpine Pasque Flower Pulsatilla alpina apiifolia
Spring Pasque Flower Pulsatilla vernalis (mostly in seed)
Lesser Meadow-rue Thalictrum minus
Dark Columbine Aquilegia atrata
Barberry Berberis vulgaris
Tansy-leaved Rocket Hugueninia tanacetifolia
Buckler Mustard Biscutella laevigata
Mountain Houseleek Sempervivum montanum
Common Houseleek Sempervivum tectorum
'Alpine' Stonecrop Sedum alpestre
Mossy Saxifrage Saxifraga bryoides
Purple Saxifrage Saxifraga oppositifolia
Livelong Saxifrage Saxifraga paniculata
Alpine Rose Rosa pendulina
Mountain Avens Dryas octopetala
Alpine Avens Geum montanum
Water Avens Geum rivale
Golden Cinquefoil Potentilla aurea
Alpine Lady's Mantle Alchemilla alpina
Wild Cotoneaster Cotoneaster integerrimus
Rowan Sorbus aucuparia
Whitebeam Sorbus aria agg.
Bladder Senna Colutea arborescens
Wild Lentil Astragalus cicer
Purple Milk-vetch Astragalus danicus
Southern Milk-vetch Astragalus australis
Tall vetch species Vicia onobrychioides
Round-leaved Restharrow Ononis rotundifolia
Large Yellow Restharrow Ononis natrix
White Melilot Melilotus alba
Dragon's-teeth Tetragonolobus maritimus
Alpine Clover Trifolium alpinum
Mountain Clover Trifolium montanum
Alpine Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus alpinus
Common Kidney-vetch Anthyllis vulneraria
Horseshoe Vetch Hippocrepis comosa
Wood-sorrel Oxalis acetosella
Wood Cranesbill Geranium sylvaticum
Alpine Bastard Toadflax Thesium alpinum
Cypress Spurge Euphorbia cyparissias
Shrubby Milkwort Polygala chamaebuxus
Alpine Rockrose Helianthemum oelandicum alpestre
Yellow Wood Violet Viola biflora
Long-spurred Pansy Viola calcarata calcarata
Wild Pansy Viola tricolor subalpina
Sweet Cicely Myrrhis odorata
Broad-leaved Sermountain Laserpitium latifolium
Bog Whortleberry Vaccinium uliginosum
Round-leaved Wintergreen Pyrola rotundifolia
Alpenrose Rhododendron ferrugineum
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Birdseye Primrose Primula farinosa
Ciliate Rock-jasmine Androsace chamaejasme
Spring Gentian Gentiana verna
Short-leaved Gentian Gentiana brachyphylla
Clusius's / Trumpet Gentian Gentiana clusii / acaulis
Mountain Germander Teucrium montanum
Pyramidal Bugle Ajuga pyramidalis
Meadow Clary Salvia pratensis
Alpine Calamint Acinos alpinus
Wild Thyme Thymus serpyllum
Larger Wild Thyme Thymus pulegioides
Alpine Toadflax Linaria alpina
Small Yellow Foxglove Digitalis lutea
Rock Speedwell Veronica fruticans
Large Speedwell Veronica austriaca
Crested Cow-wheat sp. Melampyrum cf vaudense
Wood Cow-wheat Melampyrum sylvaticum
Alpine Bartsia Bartsia alpina
Long beaked Yellow Lousewort Pedicularis cf tuberosa
?Aristate Yellow Rattle Rhinanthus cf aristatus
Alpine Butterwort Pinguicula alpina
Fly Honeysuckle Lonicera xylosteum
Guelder Rose Viburnum opulus
Mountain Valerian Valeriana montana
Spiked Rampion Phyteuma spicatum
Scorzonera-leaved Rampion Phyteuma scorzonerifolium
Round-headed Rampion Phyteuma orbiculare
Peach-leaved Bellflower Campanula persicifolia
Spiked Bellflower Campanula spicata
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia
Shining Scabious Scabiosa lucida
False Aster Aster bellidiastrum
Catsfoot (Mountain Everlasting) Antennaria dioica
Alpine Moon-daisy Leucanthemopsis alpina
Alpine Coltsfoot Homogyne alpina
Adenostyles Adenostyles alliariae
?Chamois Ragwort Senecio doronicum
Leopardsbane sp. Doronicum sp.
Knapweed Centaurea alpestris
Golden Hawksbeard Crepis aurea
Tofield's Asphodel Tofieldia calyculata
Scottish Asphodel Tofieldia pusilla
St Bruno's Lily Paradisea liliastrum
St Bernard's Lily Anthericum liliago
Martagon Lily Lilium martagon
Scented Solomon's Seal Polygonatum odoratum
Military Orchid Orchis militaris
Broad-leaved Marsh Orchid Dactylorhiza majalis
Red Vanilla Orchid Nigritella rubra
Frog Orchid Coeloglossum viride
Small White Orchid Gymnadenia (=Leucorchis) albida
Fragrant Orchid Gymnadenia conopsea
Dark Red Helleborine Epipactis atrorubens
Lesser Butterfly Orchid Platanthera bifolia
Common Twayblade Listera ovata



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