Wildlife Holidays and tours with Iberian Wildlife Tours
    Iberian Wildlife Tours in Spain and Portugal - for the wildlife holiday or natural history tour of a lifetime
Cytinus ruber © Teresa Farino Cytinus ruber © Teresa Farino

Scientific names of vascular plants, lower plants and fungi referred to in Travellers' Nature Guides: Spain

In the absence of any more up to date or complete work, scientific names of vascular plants follow Smythies, B. E. (1984-86) Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands - Checklist of Vascular Plants. Vols I-III. In Englera (Veröffentlichungen aus dem Botanischen Garten und Botanischen Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin). Some much-revised genera - for example Alchemilla, Armeria, Echinospartum, Genista, Helianthemum, Limonium, Petrocoptis, Quercus, Saxifraga and Ulex - follow Flora Ibérica: Plantas Vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares, published by the Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, in Madrid (volumes 1-8 of 21 have appeared since 1986), as do Portuguese endemics up to Leguminosae.

Common names are in accordance with Stace, C (1999) Field Flora of the British Isles. CUP, as far as possible, with additions from Blamey, M & Grey-Wilson, C (1993) Mediterranean Wild Flowers. HarperCollins; Grey-Wilson, C & Blamey, M (1995) Alpine Flowers of Britain and Europe. HarperCollins; and Polunin, O & Smythies, B E (1988) Flowers of South-West Europe: a field guide. OUP.

Fungi are named from Pegler, D (1990) Field Guide to the Mushrooms and Toadstools of Britain and Europe. Kingfisher Books.

Go back to species menu

Common name Scientific name
aconite-leaved buttercup Ranunculus aconitifolius
adder's-tongue spearwort Ranunculus ophioglossifolius
adenocarpus Adenocarpus complicatus
adenostyles Adenostyles alliariae
African tamarisk Tamarix africana
albardine Lygeum spartum
alchemilla-leaved cinquefoil Potentilla alchimilloides
alder Alnus glutinosa
alder buckthorn Frangula alnus
Aleppo pine Pinus halepensis
alfalfa Medicago sativa
Algerian oak Quercus canariensis
almond Prunus dulcis
alpenrose Rhododendron ferrugineum
alpine aster Aster alpinus
alpine bartsia Bartsia alpina
alpine bitter-cress Cardamine bellidifolia
alpine buckthorn Rhamnus alpinus
alpine buttercup Ranunculus alpestris
alpine clover Trifolium alpinum
alpine clubmoss Lycopodium alpinum
alpine forget-me-not Myosotis alpestris
alpine gypsophila Gypsophila repens
alpine honeysuckle Lonicera alpigena
alpine lady-fern Athyrium distentifolium
alpine lady's-mantle Alchemilla alpina
alpine leek Allium victorialis
alpine meadow-rue Thalictrum alpinum
alpine pasque flower Pulsatilla alpina
alpine pearlwort Sagina saginoides
alpine plantain Plantago alpina
alpine rock-cress Arabis alpina
alpine skullcap Scutellaria alpina
alpine snowbell Soldanella alpina
alpine toadflax Linaria alpina
alpine willowherb Epilobium anagallidifolium
alternate-leaved water-milfoil Myriophyllum alterniflorum
amphibious bistort Polygonum amphibium
amplexicaule buttercup Ranunculus amplexicaulis
andryala Andryala integrifolia
angel's-tears Narcissus triandrus
angular Solomon's-seal Polygonatum odoratum
annual androsace Androsace maxima
annual beard-grass Polypogon monspeliensis
annual bellflower Campanula erinus
annual omphalodes Omphalodes linifolia
annual scorpion-vetch Coronilla scorpioides
annual sea-blite Suaeda maritima
apple Malus domestica
Arctic bearberry Arctostaphylos alpinus
arnica Arnica montana
arrowhead Sagittaria sagittifolia
ash Fraxinus excelsior
ashy crane's-bill Geranium cinereum
aspen Populus tremula
astrantia Astrantia major
Atlas ophrys Ophrys atlantica
autumn arum Arum pictum
autumn crocus Crocus nudiflorus
autumn lady's tresses Spiranthes spiralis
autumn narcissus Narcissus serotinus
autumn snowflake Leucojum autumnale
autumn squill Scilla autumnalis
Aveyron ophrys Ophrys aveyronensis
awlwort Subularia aquatica
Back to top
Balearic sowbread Cyclamen balearicum
Balearic St John's-wort Hypericum balearicum
baneberry Actaea spicata
Barbary arbor-vitae Tetraclinis articulata
Barbary nut Gymnandriris sisyrinchium
barberry Berberis vulgaris
Barton's orchid Dactylorhiza insularis
bastard balm Melittis melissophyllum
bay Laurus nobilis
beaked tasselweed Ruppia maritima
bean trefoil Anagyris foetida
bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
bearded stonewort Chara canescens
beautiful flax Linum narbonense
bee orchid Ophrys apifera
beech Fagus sylvatica
bell heather Erica cinerea
bellardia Bellardia trixago
Bermuda-buttercup Oxalis pes-caprae
Bermuda-grass Cynodon dactylon
berry catchfly Cucubalus baccifer
Bertoloni's ophrys Ophrys catalaunica
bilberry Vaccinium myrtillus
bird cherry Prunus padus
bird-in-a-bush Corydalis solida
bird's-eye primrose Primula farinosa
bird's-nest orchid Neottia nidus-avis
bird's-nest stonewort Tolypella nidifica
birthwort Aristolochia clematitis
bitter vetch Lathyrus montanus
black bog-rush Schoenus nigricans
black bryony Tamus communis
black pine Pinus nigra
black poplar Populus nigra
black spleenwort Asplenium adiantum-nigrum
blackthorn Prunus spinosa
bladder vetch Anthyllis tetraphylla
bladder-sedge Carex vesicaria
bladderseed Physospermum cornubiense
bladder-senna Colutea arborescens
bladderwort Utricularia australis
blinks Montia fontana
bloody crane's-bill Geranium sanguineum
blue aphyllanthes Aphyllanthes monspeliensis
blue cupidone Catananche caerulea
blue heath Phyllodoce caerulea
blue hound's-tongue Cynoglossum creticum
blue iris Iris spuria
blue pimpernel Anagallis foemina
blue saxifrage Saxifraga caesia
blue water-speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica
blue woodruff Asperula arvensis
bluebell Hyacinthoides non-scripta
blue-leaved petrocoptis Petrocoptis pyrenaica ssp.glaucifolia
blunt-fruited water-starwort Callitriche obtusangula
bog asphodel Narthecium ossifragum
bog bilberry Vaccinium uliginosum
bog orchis Orchis palustris
bog pimpernel Anagallis tenella
bog pondweed Potamogeton polygonifolius
bogbean Menyanthes trifoliata
bog-myrtle Myrica gale
borage Borago officinalis
Borrer's saltmarsh-grass Puccinellia fasciculata
bottle sedge Carex rostrata
box Buxus sempervirens
bracken Pteridium aquilinum
brackish water-crowfoot Ranunculus baudotii
bramble Rubus ulmifolius
branched bur-reed Sparganium erectum
bristly greenweed Genista hystrix
brittle bladder-fern Cystopteris fragilis
broad buckler-fern Dryopteris dilatata
broad-leaved cottongrass Eriophorum latifolium
broad-leaved helleborine Epipactis helleborine
broad-leaved marsh orchid Dactylorhiza majalis
broad-leaved pondweed Potamogeton natans
broad-leaved sea-lavender Limonium auriculae-ursifolium
brooklime Veronica beccabunga
brookweed Samolus valerandi
broom Cytisus scoparius
brown galingale Cyperus fuscus
bug orchid Orchis coriophora
bulrush Typha latifolia
bulrushes Typha spp.
bumble-bee ophrys Ophrys bombyliflora
burnet rose Rosa pimpinellifolia
burning bush Dictamnus albus
burnt candytuft Aethionema saxatile
burnt orchid Orchis ustulata
butcher's broom Ruscus aculeatus
buttonweed Cotula coronopifolia
Back to top
calcareous green alga Halimeda tuna
Canadian waterweed Elodea canadensis
caper Capparis spinosa
cardoon Cynara cardunculus
Carinthian buttercup Ranunculus carinthiacus
carob Ceratonia siliqua
carrot broomrape Orobanche maritima
caster-oil-plant Ricinus communis
cat's-head rock-rose Helianthemum caput-felis
centuryplant Agava americana
ceratocephalus Ceratocephalus falcatus
chalk milkwort Polygala calcarea
chamois cress Hutchinsia alpina
champagne orchid Orchis morio ssp. champagneuxii
chanterelle Cantharellus cibarius
chaste tree Vitex agnus-castus
Childing pink Petrorhagia nanteuilii
chives Allium schoenoprasum
chondrilla Chondrilla juncea
chronanthus Chronanthus biflorus
climbing corydalis Ceratocapnos claviculata
clouded clitocybe Clitocybe nebularis
clover fern Marsilea quadrifolia
clustered bellflower Campanula glomerata
cneorum Cneorum tricoccon
coastal crucianella Crucianella maritima
cobweb houseleek Sempervivum arachnoideum
columbine Aquilegia vulgaris
common asphodel Asphodelus aestivus
common bent Agrostis capillaris
common bistort Polygonum bistorta
common butterwort Pinguicula vulgaris
common club-rush Scirpus lacustris
common cottongrass Eriophorum angustifolium
common cow-wheat Melampyrum pratense
common duckweed Lemna minor
common figwort Scrophularia nodosa
common glasswort Sarcocornia fruticosa
common globularia Globularia vulgaris
common grape hyacinth Muscari neglectum
common houseleek Sempervivum tectorum
common ivy Hedera helix
common jonquil Narcissus jonquilla
common juniper Juniperus communis
common lavender Lavandula angustifolia
common nettle Urtica dioica
common poppy Papaver rhoeas
common reed Phragmites australis
common saltmarsh-grass Puccinellia maritima
common sea-lavender Limonium vulgare
common sedge Carex nigra
common smilax Smilax aspera
common spike-rush Elaeocharis palustris
common sternbergia Sternbergia lutea
common stonewort Chara vulgaris
common water-crowfoot Ranunculus aquatilis
common water-starwort Callitriche stagnalis
common wintergreen Pyrola minor
compact rush Juncus conglomeratus
cone knapweed Leuzea conifera
cone saxifrage Saxifraga conifera
conical orchid Orchis conica
coral-necklace Illecebrum verticillatum
coris Coris monspeliensis
cork oak Quercus suber
corn buttercup Ranunculus arvensis
corn marigold Chrysanthemum segetum
corn mignonette Reseda phyteuma
corncockle Agrostemma githago
cornflower Centaurea cyanus
Cornish heath Erica vagans
cotton-thistles Onopordum spp.
cottonweed Otanthus maritimus
cowslip Primula veris
crack willow Salix fragilis
creeping lady's tresses Goodyera repens
creeping snapdragon Asarina procumbens
creeping willow Salix repens
cressa Cressa cretica
crested lousewort Pedicularis comosa
cross gentian Gentiana cruciata
cross-leaved heath Erica tetralix
crowberry Empetrum nigrum ssp. hermaphroditum
crown daisy Chrysanthemum coronarium
curled pondweed Potamogeton crispus
curved hard-grass Parapholis incurva
cut-grass Leersia oryzoides
cut-leaved germander Teucrium botrys
cut-leaved lavender Lavandula multifida
cut-leaved viper's-grass Scorzonera laciniata
cuvie Laminaria hyperborea
cylindric rock-jasmine Androsace cylindrica
cymbalaria-leaved speedwell Veronica cymbalaria
cynomorium Cynomorium coccineum
cyperus sedge Carex pseudocyperus
Back to top
daisy-leaved toadflax Anarrhinum bellidifolium
Danish scurvygrass Cochlearia danica
dark ophrys Ophrys sphegodes ssp. atrata
dark stonecrop Sedum atratum
dark swallow-wort Vincetoxicum nigrum
dark-red helleborine Epipactis atrorubens
Davall's sedge Carex davalliana
dense-flowered orchid Neotinea maculata
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria
dethawia Dethawia tenuifolia
Dickie's bladder-fern Cystopteris dickieana
dipcadi Dipcadi serotinum
diverse-leaved violet Viola diversifolia
dog's-tooth-violet Erythronium dens-canis
dogwood Cornus sanguinea
Dorset heath Erica ciliaris
downy birch Betula pubescens ssp. celtiberica
downy oak Quercus humilis
downy safflower Carthamus lanatus
dragonmouth Horminum pyrenaicum
dragon's mouth Dracunculus muscivorus
dragon's teeth Tetragonolobus maritimus
dropwort Filipendula vulgaris
dull ophrys Ophrys fusca
dwarf buckthorn Rhamnus pumilus
dwarf cudweed Omalotheca supina
dwarf eelgrass Zostera noltii
dwarf fan palm Chamaerops humilis
dwarf gorse Ulex minor
dwarf juniper Juniperus communis ssp.alpina
dwarf pansy Viola kitaibeliana
dwarf sheep's-bit Jasione crispa
dwarf willow Salix herbacea
dyer's alkanet Alkanna tinctoria
dyer's greenweed Genista tinctoria
Back to top
early marsh orchid Dactylorhiza incarnata
early purple orchid Orchis mascula
early spider ophrys Ophrys sphegodes
echinophora Echinophora spinosa
echinospartum Echinospartum horridum
edelweiss Leontopodium alpinum
eelgrass Zostera marina
Egyptian mallow Malva aegyptia
elder Sambucus nigra
elder-flowered orchid Dactylorhiza sambucina
elder-leaved figwort Scrophularia sambucifolia
English iris Iris latifolia
English stonecrop Sedum anglicum
entire-leaved primrose Primula integrifolia
Etruscan honeysuckle Lonicera etrusca
eucalypts Eucalyptus
European larch Larix decidua
European silver-fir Abies alba
Back to top
fagonia Fagonia cretica
fairy foxglove Erinus alpinus
fairy's thimble Campanula cochlearifolia
false esparto Stipa tenacissima
false grass-poly Lythrum junceum
false medlar Sorbus chamaemespilus
false sainfoin Vicia onobrychioides
fan-lipped orchid Orchis saccata
fedia Fedia cornucopiae
felted vetch Lathyrus pannonicus
felty germander Teucrium polium
fennel Foeniculum vulgare
fennel flower Nigella hispanica
fennel pondweed Potamogeton pectinatus
field eryngo Eryngium campestre
field gladiolus Gladiolus italicus
field gromwell Buglossoides arvensis
field maple Acer campestre
field marigold Calendula arvensis
fig Ficus carica
floating bur-reed Sparganium angustifolium
floating water-plantain Luronium natans
flowering ash Fraxinus ornus
flowering-rush Butomus umbellatus
fly agaric Amanita muscaria
fly honeysuckle Lonicera xylosteum
fly orchid Ophrys insectifera
fool's-water-cress Apium nodiflorum
forked spleenwort Asplenium septentrionale
foxtail stonewort Lamprothamnium papulosum
fragile stonewort Chara globularis
fragrant clematis Clematis flammula
fragrant orchid Gymnadenia conopsea
French figwort Scrophularia canina
French lavender Lavandula stoechas
French meadow-rue Thalictrum aquilegifolium
French saxifrage Saxifraga clusii
friar's cowl Arisarum vulgare
fringed gentian Gentianella ciliata
fringed pink Dianthus monspessulanus
fringed rue Ruta chalepensis
frog orchid Coeloglossum viride
furbelows Saccorhiza polyschides
Back to top
galactites Galactites tomentosa
galingale Cyperus longus
galingales Cyperus spp.
garland flower Daphne cneorum
geranium-like saxifrage Saxifraga geranioides
geraniums Pelargonium spp.
ghost orchid Epipogium aphyllum
giant fennel Ferula communis
giant orchid Barlia robertiana
giant reed Arundo donax
Gibraltan candytuft Iberis gibraltarica
glacier crowfoot Ranunculus glacialis
globeflower Trollius europaeus
globe-headed rampion Phyteuma hemisphaericum
goat willow Salix caprea
golden-samphire Inula crithmoides
gorse Ulex europaeus
Gouan's buttercup Ranunculus gouanii
grape-vine Vitis vinifera
grass-leaved buttercup Ranunculus gramineus
grass-of-Parnassus Parnassia palustris
great burnet Sanguisorba officinalis
great fen-sedge Cladium mariscus
great horsetail Equisetum telmateia
great sundew Drosera anglica
great wood-rush Luzula sylvatica ssp. henriquesii
great yellow gentian Gentiana lutea
greater bladderwort Utricularia vulgaris
greater butterfly orchid Platanthera chlorantha
greater cuckooflower Cardamine raphanifolia
greater pond-sedge Carex riparia
greater sea-spurrey Spergularia marginata
greater tussock-sedge Carex paniculata ssp. lusitanica
greater yellow-rattle Rhinanthus serotinus ssp. asturicus
green heather Erica scoparia
green hellebore Helleborus viridis
green-winged orchid Orchis morio
grey cinquefoil Potentilla cinerea
grey club-rush Scirpus lacustris ssp. tabernaemontani
grey hair-grass Corynephorus canescens
grey tricholoma Tricholoma terreum
grey-leaved cistus Cistus albidus
ground-pine Ajuga chamaepitys
ground-pine germander Teucrium pseudochamaepitys
guelder-rose Viburnum opulus
gum cistus Cistus ladanifer
gypsywort Lycopus europaeus
Back to top
hairless blue-sowthistle Cicerbita plumieri
hairless lady's-mantle Alchemilla fissa
hairless mossy saxifrage Saxifraga pentadactylis
hairy chervil Chaerophyllum hirsutum
hairy greenweed Genista pilosa
hairy saxifrage Saxifraga pubescens
hairy stonecrop Sedum villosum
hairy thorny broom Calicotome villosa
hairy thymelaea Thymelaea pubescens
hairy-fruited broom Cytisus striatus
Hampshire purslane Ludwigia palustris
hard shield-fern Polystichum aculeatum
hard-fern Blechnum spicant
hard-grass Parapholis strigosa
hare's-tail Lagurus ovatus
hare's-tail cottongrass Eriophorum vaginatum
hart's-tongue Asplenium scolopendrium
hawkweeds Hieracium spp
hawthorn Crataegus monogyna
hay-scented buckler-fern Dryopteris aemula
hazel Corylus avellana
heart-flowered serapias Serapias cordigera
heath lobelia Lobelia urens
heath rush Juncus squarrosus
heath-spotted orchid Dactylorhiza maculata ssp. meyeri
hedgehog broom Erinacea anthyllis
hemlock water-dropwort Oenanthe crocata
hemp-agrimony Eupatorium cannabinum
henbane Hyoscyamus niger
henbit dead-nettle Lamium amplexicaule
hepatica Hepatica nobilis
herb-Paris Paris quadrifolia
hoary mullein Verbascum pulverulentum
hoary mustard Hirschfeldia incana
hoary rock-rose Helianthemum oelandicum
hollowroot Corydalis cava ssp. cava
hollow-stemmed asphodel Asphodelus fistulosus
holly Ilex aquifolium
holly oak Quercus coccifera
holly-fern Polystichum lonchitis
holly-leaved naiad Najas marina
holm oak Quercus ilex ssp. ilex
honeysuckle Lonicera periclymenum
honeywort Cerinthe major
hoop-petticoat daffodil Narcissus bulbocodium
hop Humulus lupulus
horned pansy Viola cornuta
horned pondweed Zannichellia palustris
horse mint Mentha longifolia
horseshoe vetch Hippocrepis comosa
Hottentot fig Carpobrotus spp.
hyssop Hyssopus officinalis
hyssop-leaved sideritis Sideritis hyssopifolia
Back to top
Iberian milk-vetch Astragalus lusitanicus
Iberian ophrys Ophrys vernixia
ice plant Mesembryanthemum crystallinum
imbricate sandwort Arenaria tetraquetra
Irish heath Erica herbacea
Irish spleenwort Asplenium onopteris
Irish spurge Euphorbia hyberna
Italian maple Acer opalus
ivy-leaved bellflower Wahlenbergia hederacea
Jersey fern Anogramma leptophylla
Jersey pink Dianthus gallicus
joint pine Ephedra fragilis
jointed rush Juncus articulatus
kernera Kernera saxatilis
Kerry lily Simethis planifolia
kidney saxifrage Saxifraga hirsuta
kidney vetch Anthyllis vulneraria
Killarney fern Trichomanes speciosum
Back to top
lady orchid Orchis purpurea
lady-fern Athyrium filix-femina
lanceolate spleenwort. Asplenium obovatum
Lange's orchid Orchis mascula ssp. hispanica
large blue alkannet Anchusa azurea
large self-heal Prunella grandiflora
large speedwell Veronica austriaca
large thyme Thymus pulegioides
large white helleborine Cephalanthera damasonium
large-flowered butterwort Pinguicula grandiflora
large-flowered leopard's-bane Doronicum grandiflorum
large-flowered sandwort Arenaria montana
large-leaved lime Tilia platyphyllos
laurel-leaved cistus Cistus laurifolius
laurustinus Viburnum tinus
lavender-cotton Santolina chamaecyparissus
lavender-leaved rock-rose Helianthemum syriacum
lax potentilla Potentilla caulescens
lax viper's-bugloss Echium rosulatum
lax-flowered sea-lavender Limonium humile
leafless-stemmed globularia Globularia nudicaulis
leafy lousewort Pedicularis foliosa
least adder's-tongue Ophioglossum lusitanicum
lemon-scented fern Thelypteris limbosperma
lentisc/mastic tree Pistacia lentiscus
leopard's-bane Doronicum pardalianches
lesser bladderwort Utricularia minor
lesser bulrush Typha angustifolia
lesser butterfly orchid Platanthera bifolia
lesser catmint Nepeta nepetella
lesser marshwort Apium inundatum
lesser masterwort Astrantia minor
lesser meadow-rue Thalictrum minus
lesser sea-spurrey Spergularia marina
lesser skullcap Scutellaria minor
lesser spearwort Ranunculus flammula
lesser water-parsnip Berula erecta
lesser water-plantain Baldellia ranunculoides
licebane Delphinium staphysagria
lily-of-the-valley Convallaria majalis
limestone fern Gymnocarpium robertianum
limoniastrum Limoniastrum monopetalum
ling Calluna vulgaris
livelong saxifrage Saxifraga paniculata
lizard orchid Himantoglossum hircinum
long-bracted sedge Carex extensa
long-leaved butterwort Pinguicula longifolia
long-stalked yellow sedge Carex lepidocarpa
loose-flowered orchid Orchis laxiflora
lousewort Pedicularis sylvatica
love-in-a-mist Nigella damascena
Lusitanian heath Erica lusitanica
Lusitanian oak Quercus faginea
lygos Retama sphaerocarpa
Back to top
Mackay's heath Erica mackaiana
maiden pink Dianthus deltoides
maidenhair fern Adiantum capillus-veneris
maidenhair spleenwort Asplenium trichomanes
male-fern Dryopteris filix-mas
Malling toadflax Chaenorhinum origanifolium
Mallorcan violet Viola jaubertiana
mallow-leaved bindweed Convolvulus althaeoides
malope Malope malacoides
man orchid Aceras anthropophorum
mandrake Mandragora autumnalis
mantisalca Mantisalca salmantica
many-stalked spike-rush Elaeocharis multicaulis
maritime pine Pinus pinaster
marram Ammophila arenaria
marsh arrowgrass Triglochin palustris
marsh cinquefoil Potentilla palustris
marsh felwort Swertia perennis
marsh fern Thelypteris thelypteroides
marsh gentian Gentiana pneumonanthe
marsh hawk's-beard Crepis paludosa
marsh helleborine Epipactis palustris
marsh horsetail Equisetum palustre
marsh pennywort Hydrocotyle vulgaris
marsh ragwort Senecio aquaticus
marsh speedwell Veronica scutellata
marsh St John's-wort Hypericum elodes
marsh violet Viola palustris
marsh-mallow Althaea officinalis
marsh-marigold Caltha palustris
martagon lily Lilium martagon
mat-grass Nardus stricta
matted globularia Globularia cordifolia
maytenus Maytenus senegalensis
meadow clary Salvia pratensis
meadow saxifrage Saxifraga granulata
Mediterranean buckthorn Rhamnus alaternus
Mediterranean coriaria Coriaria myrtifolia
Mediterranean false-brome Brachypodium retusum
Mediterranean mezereon Daphne gnidium
Mediterranean needle-grass Stipa capensis
Mediterranean selaginella Selaginella denticulata
Mediterranean spurge Euphorbia characias
Mediterranean willow Salix pedicellata
merendera Merendera pyrenaica
mermaid's cup Acetabularia acetabulum
military orchid Orchis militaris
milk thistle Silybum marianum
milky orchid Orchis lactea
mirror ophrys Ophrys ciliata
mistletoe Viscum album
molopospermum Molopospermum peloponnesiacum
monk's-hood Aconitum napellus
Monterey pine Pinus radiata
Montpellier maple Acer monspessulanum
moonwort Botrychium lunaria
moricandia Moricandia arvensis
moss campion Silene acaulis
mossy saxifrage Saxifraga bryoides
mountain alyssum Alyssum montanum
mountain avens Dryas octopetala
mountain currant Ribes alpinum
mountain everlasting Antennaria dioica
mountain houseleek Sempervivum montanum
mountain kidney-vetch Anthyllis montana
mountain male-fern Dryopteris oreades
mountain onion Allium senescens ssp. montanum
mountain pine Pinus uncinata
mountain rue Ruta montana
mountain thrift Armeria alpina
mountain tragacanth Astragalus sempervirens
Mt Cenis restharrow Ononis cristata
mucizonia Mucizonia sedoides
musk-mallow Malva moschata
musk-scented lavatera Lavatera triloba
myrtle Myrtus communis
Back to top
naked man orchid Orchis italica
narcissus-flowered anemone Anemone narcissiflora
narrow buckler-fern Dryopteris carthusiana
narrow-leaved ash Fraxinus angustifolia
narrow-leaved bitter-cress Cardamine impatiens
narrow-leaved cistus Cistus monspeliensis
narrow-leaved crimson clover Trifolium angustifolium
narrow-leaved lungwort Pulmonaria longifolia
narrow-leaved lupin Lupinus angustifolius
narrow-leaved valerian Centranthus lecoqii
narrow-leaved water-plantain Alisma lanceolatum
navelwort Umbilicus rupestris
neglected saxifrage Saxifraga praetermissa
nettle-leaved bellflower Campanula trachelium
northern buckler-fern Dryopteris expansa
Nottingham catchfly Silene nutans
oblong-leaved sundew Drosera intermedia
oleander Nerium oleander
olive Olea europaea
olive willow Salix elaeagnos
one-flowered wintergreen Moneses uniflora.
opposite-leaved golden-saxifrage Chrysosplenium oppositifolium
opposite-leaved pondweed Groenlandia densa
orange Citrus sp.
orlaya Orlaya grandiflora
orpine Sedum telephium
osier Salix viminalis
osyris Osyris alba
oxlip Primula elatior
Back to top
pale butterwort Pinguicula lusitanica
pale flax Linum bienne
pale galingale Cyperus eragrostis
pale yellow Pyrenean thistle Cirsium glabrum
pale-flowered orchid Orchis pallens
pale-green wintergreen Pyrola chlorantha
palmate anemone Anemone palmata
pampas-grass Cortaderia selloana
paper-white daffodil Narcissus papyraceus
parnassus-leaved buttercup Ranunculus parnassifolius
parsley fern Cryptogramma crispa
parsley water-dropwort Oenanthe lachenalii
peach-leaved bellflower Campanula persicifolia
pedunculate oak Quercus robur
pedunculate water-starwort Callitriche brutia
peganum Peganum harmala
pendulous sedge Carex pendula
pendulous-flowered helleborine Epipactis phyllanthes
penny bun boletus Boletus edulis
pennyroyal Mentha pulegium
perennial centaury Centaurium scilloides
perennial cornflower Centaurea montana
perennial glasswort Sarcocornia perennis
perennial yellow-woundwort Stachys recta
perfoliate alexanders Smyrnium perfoliatum
petrocoptis Petrocoptis pyrenaica
petty whin Genista anglica
pheasant's eye daffodil Narcissus poeticus
pheasant's-eye Adonis annua
Phoenician juniper Juniperus phoenicea
Piedmont primrose Primula pedemontana
pink butterfly orchid Orchis papilionacea
pink rock-jasmine Androsace carnea
pink sandwort Arenaria purpurascens
pinnate coralroot Cardamine heptaphylla
pitch trefoil Psoralea bituminosa
Plymouth pear Pyrus cordata
polyanthus narcissus Narcissus tazetta
pond water-crowfoot Ranunculus peltatus
poplar-leaved cistus Cistus populifolius
Portland spurge Euphorbia portlandica
Portugal laurel Prunus lusitanica
Portuguese angelica Angelica pachycarpa
Portuguese squill Scilla peruviana
posidonia Posidonia oceanica
prickly juniper Juniperus oxycedrus
prickly pears Opuntia spp.
prickly saltwort Salsola kali
primrose Primula vulgaris
proliferous pink Petrorhagia prolifera
prostrate cherry Prunus prostrata
prostrate toadflax Linaria supina
Provence orchid Orchis provincialis
pseudorlaya Pseudorlaya pumila
purple colt's-foot Homogyne alpina
purple glasswort Salicornia ramosissima
purple gromwell Buglossoides purpurocaerulea
purple lettuce Prenanthes purpurea
purple moor-grass Molinia caerulea
purple saxifrage Saxifraga oppositifolia
purple spurge Euphorbia peplis
purple toothwort Lathraea clandestina
purple vetch Vicia benghalensis
purple viper's-bugloss Echium lycopsis
purple willow Salix purpurea
purple-loosestrife Lythrum salicaria
putoria Putoria calabrica
pygmy hawk's-beard Crepis pygmaea
pyramidal bugle Ajuga pyramidalis
pyramidal orchid Anacamptis pyramidalis
Pyrenean angelica Selinum pyrenaeum
Pyrenean avens Geum pyrenaicum
Pyrenean bellflower Campanula speciosa
Pyrenean broom Cytisus purgans
Pyrenean buttercup Ranunculus pyrenaeus
Pyrenean catchfly Silene borderei
Pyrenean columbine Aquilegia pyrenaica
Pyrenean eryngo Eryngium bourgatii
Pyrenean figwort Scrophularia pyrenaica
Pyrenean gagea Gagea nevadensis
Pyrenean gentian Gentiana pyrenaica
Pyrenean germander Teucrium pyrenaicum
Pyrenean golden drop Onosma bubanii
Pyrenean hawk's-beard Crepis albida
Pyrenean honeysuckle Lonicera pyrenaica
Pyrenean hyacinth Brimeura amethystina
Pyrenean lily Lilium pyrenaicum
Pyrenean lousewort Pedicularis pyrenaica
Pyrenean oak Quercus pyrenaica
Pyrenean pheasant's eye Adonis pyrenaica
Pyrenean pink Dianthus pyrenaicus
Pyrenean poppy Papaver lapeyrousianum
Pyrenean rampion Phyteuma pyrenaicum
Pyrenean saxifrage Saxifraga longifolia
Pyrenean snakeshead Fritillaria pyrenaica
Pyrenean snowbell Soldanella villosa
Pyrenean spurge Euphorbia chamaebuxus
Pyrenean squill Scilla lilio-hyacinthus
Pyrenean thistle Carduus carlinoides
Pyrenean trumpet gentian Gentiana angustifolia
Pyrenean valerian Valeriana pyrenaica
Pyrenean vetch Vicia pyrenaica
Pyrenean whitlow-grass Petrocallis pyrenaica
Pyrenean willow Salix pyrenaica
Pyrenean yam Borderea pyrenaica
Back to top
ragged-robin Lychnis flos-cuculi
ramonda Ramonda myconi
rampion bellflower Campanula rapunculus
ramsons Allium ursinum
raspberry Rubus idaeus
red helleborine Cephalanthera rubra
red horned-poppy Glaucium corniculatum
red oak Quercus rubra
red star-thistle Centaurea calcitrapa
red-berried elder Sambucus racemosa
reddish saxifrage Saxifraga media
reichardia Reichardia tingitana
remote sedge Carex remota
rice Oryza sativa
rigid buckler-fern Dryopteris submontana
rigid hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum
robust marsh orchid Dactylorhiza elata ssp. sesquipedalis
rock buckthorn Rhamnus saxatilis
rock cinquefoil Potentilla rupestris
rock lady's-mantle Alchemilla saxatilis
rock milkwort Polygala rupestris
rock redcurrant Ribes petraeum
rock samphire Crithmum maritimum
rock sea-spurrey Spergularia rupicola
rock snapdragon Antirrhinum sempervirens
rock soapwort Saponaria ocymoides
rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis
rosy garlic Allium roseum
rough cocklebur Xanthium strumarium
rough marsh-mallow Althaea hirsuta
rough saxifrage Saxifraga aspera
round-headed club-rush Scirpus holoschoenus
round-headed leek Allium sphaerocephalon
round-headed rampion Phyteuma orbiculare
round-headed thyme Thymus mastichina
round-leaved mint Mentha suaveolens
round-leaved St John's-wort Hypericum nummularium
round-leaved sundew Drosera rotundifolia
rowan Sorbus aucuparia
royal fern Osmunda regalis
rue-leaved isopyrum Isopyrum thalictroides
rush-leaved jonquil Narcissus assoanus
rush-like scorpion-vetch Coronilla juncea
rustyback Ceterach officinarum
Back to top
sad stock Matthiola fruticulosa
saffron milk cap Lactarius deliciosus
sage Salvia officinalis
sage-leaved cistus Cistus salviifolius
sallows/willows Salix spp.
saltmarsh rush Juncus gerardii
saltmarsh-grasses Puccinellia spp.
saltwort Salsola soda
Samnitic milk-vetch Oxytropis pyrenaica
sand catchfly Silene conica
sand couch-grass Elymus farctus
sand sedge Carex arenaria
sand spurrey Spergularia rubra
sand stock Malcolmia littorea
sanicle Sanicula europaea
sarcocapnos Sarcocapnos enneaphylla
savin Juniperus sabina
sawfly ophrys Ophrys tenthredinifera
scaly cheilanthes Cheilanthes vellea
scaly male-fern Dryopteris affinis
scented cheilanthes Cheilanthes pteridioides
scented-leaved saxifrage Saxifraga intricata
scorpion senna Coronilla emerus
Scots pine Pinus sylvestris
scrambling gromwell Lithodora diffusa
sea arrowgrass Triglochin maritima
sea aster Aster tripolium
sea bindweed Calystegia soldanella
sea campion Silene vulgaris ssp. maritima
sea carrot Daucus carota ssp. gummifer
sea club-rush Scirpus maritimus
sea daffodil Pancratium maritimum
sea heath Frankenia laevis
sea knotgrass Polygonum maritimum
sea mallow Lavatera maritima
sea medick Medicago marina
sea pearlwort Sagina maritima
sea plantain Plantago maritima
sea rocket Cakile maritima
sea rush Juncus maritimus
sea sandwort Honkenya peploides
sea spleenwort Asplenium marinum
sea spurge Euphorbia paralias
sea squill Drimia maritima
sea stock Matthiola sinuata
sea stork's-bill Erodium maritimum
sea wormwood Artemisia campestris ssp. maritima
sea-holly Eryngium maritimum
sea-lavenders Limonium spp.
sea-milkwort Glaux maritima
sea-purslane Halimione portulacoides
Sequier's buttercup Ranunculus seguieri
Sequier's pink Dianthus seguieri
serrated wintergreen Orthilia secunda
sessile oak Quercus petraea
sharp rush Juncus acutus
sheep's-bit Jasione montana
sheep's-fescue Festuca ovina
shepherd's-needle Scandix pecten-veneris
short-leaved water-starwort Callitriche truncata
shrub tobacco Nicotiana glauca
shrubby globularia Globularia alypum
shrubby gromwell Lithodora fruticosa
shrubby hare's-ear Bupleurum fruticosum
shrubby orache Atriplex halimus
shrubby pimpernel Anagallis monelli
shrubby scorpion-vetch Coronilla glauca
shrubby sea-blite Suaeda vera
shrubby violet Viola arborescens
sibbaldia Sibbaldia procumbens
Sicilian orchid Dactylorhiza romana ssp. siciliensis
sickle-leaved sandwort Minuartia recurva
silver birch Betula pendula
silver ragwort Senecio bicolor ssp. cineraria
silvery-leaved pink convolvulus Convolvulus lineatus
sisal Agave fourcroydes
sisal Agave sisalana
slender centaury Centaurium tenuiflorum
slender club-rush Scirpus cernuus
slender hare's-ear Bupleurum tenuissimum
slender sternbergia Sternbergia colchiciflora
slender thistle Carduus tenuiflorus
slender vetch Lathyrus filiformis
slimy beech cap Oudemansiella mucida
slimy milk cap Lactarius blennius
small blue convolvulus Convolvulus siculus
small caltrops Tribulus terrestris
small cord-grass Spartina maritima
small hare's-ear Bupleurum baldense
small-flowered catchfly Silene gallica
small-flowered gorse Ulex parviflorus
small-flowered helleborine Epipactis parviflora
small-flowered serapias Serapias parviflora
small-leaved elm Ulmus minor
small-leaved helleborine Epipactis microphylla
small-leaved lime Tilia cordata
small-leaved sweet-briar Rosa agrestis
smearwort Aristolochia rotunda
smooth rock spleenwort Asplenium fontanum
snapdragon Antirrhinum majus
snow gentian Gentiana nivalis
snowdrop Galanthus nivalis
snowy mespilus Amelanchier ovalis
Sodom's apple Solanum sodomaeum
soft hornwort Ceratophyllum submersum
soft shield-fern Polystichum setiferum
soft snapdragon Antirrhinum molle
soft-rush Juncus effusus
Solomon's-seal Polygonatum multiflorum
Somerset rush Juncus subulatus
southern beard-grass Polypogon maritimus
southern birdsfoot-trefoil Lotus creticus
southern gentian Gentiana alpina
southern nettle tree Celtis australis
southern red bartsia Parentucellia latifolia
southern wood-rush Luzula forsteri
Spanish bellflower Campanula hispanica
Spanish bluebell Hyacinthoides hispanica
Spanish broom Spartium junceum
Spanish butcher's broom Ruscus hypophyllum
Spanish catchfly Silene otites
Spanish fir Abies pinsapo
Spanish gorse Genista hispanica
Spanish heath Erica australis
Spanish iris Iris xiphium
Spanish juniper Juniperus thurifera
Spanish oyster plant Scolymus hispanicus
Spanish rusty foxglove Digitalis obscura
Spanish seakale Crambe hispanica
spignel Meum athamanticum
spiked fumitory Platycapnos spicata
spiked Pyrenean speedwell Veronica ponae
spiked speedwell Veronica spicata
spiked star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum pyrenaicum
spiked water-milfoil Myriophyllum spicatum
spike-rushes Elaeocharis spp.
spindle Euonymus europaeus
spiny thrift Armeria pungens
spiral tasselweed Ruppia cirrhosa
Spitzel's orchid Orchis spitzelii
spoon-leaved candytuft Iberis spathulata
spotted rock-rose Tuberaria guttata
spreading bellflower Campanula patula
spring bulbocodium Bulbocodium vernum
spring gentian Gentiana verna
spring pasque flower Pulsatilla vernalis
spring rock-cress Arabis verna
spring squill Scilla verna
spurge-laurel Daphne laureola
squirting cucumber Ecballium elaterium
St Bernard's lily Anthericum liliago
St Bruno's lily Paradisea liliastrum
St Dabeoc's heath Daboecia cantabrica
St Lucie's cherry Prunus mahaleb
St Patrick's cabbage Saxifraga spathularis
stag's-horn clubmoss Lycopodium clavatum
star sedge Carex echinata
starfruit Damasonium alisma
star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum
starry clover Trifolium stellatum
starry saxifrage Saxifraga stellaris
starwort mouse-ear Cerastium cerastoides
stemless cotton-thistle Onopordum acaulon
sticky flax Linum viscosum
stinking hellebore Helleborus foetidus
stinking iris Iris foetidissima
stone pine Pinus pinea
stranglewort Cynanchum acutum
straw foxglove Digitalis lutea
strawberry clover Trifolium fragiferum
strawberry-tree Arbutus unedo
streptopus Streptopus amplexifolius
summer lady's tresses Spiranthes aestivalis
summer snowflake Leucojum aestivum ssp. pulchellum
sweet alison Lobularia maritima
sweet chestnut Castanea sativa
sweet cicely Myrrhis odorata
sweet spurge Euphorbia dulcis
sweet violet Viola odorata
sweet-briar Rosa rubiginosa
sword-leaved helleborine Cephalanthera longifolia
sycamore Acer pseudoplatanus
Syrian bean-caper Zygophyllum fabago
Syrian thistle Notobasis syriaca
Back to top
tamarisk Tamarix gallica
tamarisks Tamarix spp.
tansy-leaved rocket Hugueninia tanacetifolia
tapeinanthus Narcissus humilis ssp. cavanillesii
tassel hyacinth Muscari comosum
Teesdale violet Viola rupestris
thick-leaved stonecrop Sedum dasyphyllum
thong-weed Himanthalia elongata
Thore's buttercup Ranunculus thora
thorny broom Calicotome spinosa
thorow-wax Bupleurum rotundifolium
thread-leaved water-crowfoot Ranunculus trichophyllus
three-cornered garlic Allium triquetrum
three-leaved snowflake Leucojum trichophyllum
three-lobed crowfoot Ranunculus tripartitus
thrift Armeria maritima
throatwort Trachelium caeruleum
thyme-leaved sea heath Frankenia thymifolia
toadflax-leaved St John's-wort Hypericum linariifolium
Tofield's asphodel Tofieldia calyculata
tongue orchid Serapias lingua
toothed lavender Lavandula dentata
Tournefort's ragwort Senecio pyrenaicus
tozzia Tozzia alpina
tragacanth Astragalus massiliensis
trailing azalea Loiseleuria procumbens
traveller's-joy Clematis vitalba
tree germander Teucrium fruticans
tree groundsel Baccharis halimifolia
tree heath Erica arborea
tree lavatera Lavatera olbia
tree mallow Lavatera arborea
tree spurge Euphorbia dendroides
triangular club-rush Scirpus triqueter
trifid bur-marigold Bidens tripartita
true service-tree Sorbus domestica
trumpet gentian Gentiana acaulis
tuberous comfrey Symphytum tuberosum
tuberous hawk's-beard Aetheorhiza bulbosa
tufted catchfly Silene saxifraga
tufted soapwort Saponaria caespitosa
tufted vetch Vicia cracca
Tunbridge filmy-fern Hymenophyllum tunbrigense
turpentine tree Pistacia terebinthus
tutsan Hypericum androsaemum
twayblade Listera ovata
twisted thymelaea Thymelaea tinctoria
two-leaved gennaria Gennaria diphylla
Back to top
unbranched bur-reed Sparganium emersum
undulate anchusa Anchusa undulata
upright yellow flax Linum strictum
urospermum Urospermum dalechampii
vanilla orchid Nigritella nigra
variegated monk's-hood Aconitum variegatum ssp. pyrenaicum
various-leaved water-starwort Callitriche platycarpa
Venus's-looking-glass Legousia hybrida
violet horned-poppy Roemeria hybrida
violet limodore Limodorum abortivum
violet mountain pansy Viola bubanii
viper's-bugloss Echium vulgare
viper's-grass Scorzonera humilis
Virgin's bower Clematis cirrhosa
viscid primrose Primula latifolia
vitaliana Vitaliana primuliflora
Back to top
wall germander Teucrium chamaedrys
wall-rue Asplenium ruta-muraria
walnut Juglans regia
water avens Geum rivale
water fern Azolla caroliniana
water horsetail Equisetum fluviatile
water hyacinth Eichornia crassipes
water saxifrage Saxifraga aquatica
water-plantain Alisma plantago-aquatica
water-purslane Lythrum portula
water-starworts Callitriche spp.
wavy hair-grass Deschampsia flexuosa
wavy St John's-wort Hypericum undulatum
wayfaring-tree Viburnum lantana
weasel's-snout Misopates orontium
Welsh poppy Mecanopsis cambrica
western gorse Ulex gallii
western holm oak Quercus ilex ssp. ballota
western peony Paeonia broteroi
white asphodel Asphodelus albus
white broom Retama monosperma
white crocus Crocus vernus ssp. albiflorus
white false helleborine Veratrum album
white flax Linum suffruticosum
white hoop-petticoat daffodil Narcissus cantabricus
white horehound Marrubium vulgare
white musky saxifrage Saxifraga moschata
white poplar Populus alba
white rock-rose Helianthemum apenninum
white Spanish broom Cytisus multiflorus
white stonecrop Sedum album
white water-lily Nymphaea alba
white willow Salix alba
whitebeam Sorbus aria
whorled caraway Carum verticillatum
whorled lousewort Pedicularis verticillata
whorled Solomon's-seal Polygonatum verticillatum
whorled water-milfoil Myriophyllum verticillatum
wild angelica Angelica sylvestris
wild asparagus Asparagus officinalis ssp. prostratus
wild celery Apium graveolens
wild cherry Prunus avium
wild clary Salvia verbenaca
wild cotoneaster Cotoneaster integerrimus
wild gladiolus Gladiolus illyricus
wild jasmine Jasminum fruticans
wild liquorice Astragalus glycyphyllos
wild madder Rubia peregrina
wild olive Olea europaea var. sylvestris
wild privet Ligustrum vulgare
wild service-tree Sorbus torminalis
wild strawberry Fragaria vesca
wild tulip Tulipa sylvestris ssp. australis
willow-leaved rock-rose Helianthemum salicifolium
winged sea-lavender Limonium sinuatum
winter savory Satureja montana
wood anemone Anemone nemorosa
wood bitter-vetch Vicia orobus
wood blewit Lepista nuda
wood crane's-bill Geranium sylvaticum
wood ragwort Senecio nemorensis
wood saxifrage Saxifraga umbrosa
wood speedwell Veronica montana
wood spurge Euphorbia amygdaloides
woodcock ophrys Ophrys scolopax
woodruff Galium odoratum
wood-sedge Carex sylvatica
wood-sorrel Oxalis acetosella
woody fleabane Dittrichia viscosa
wych elm Ulmus glabra
Back to top
xatardia Xatardia scabra
xeranthemum Xeranthemum inapertum
yellow anemone Anemone ranunculoides
yellow archangel Galeobdolon luteum
yellow bartsia Parentucellia viscosa
yellow betony Stachys alopecuros
yellow bird's-nest Monotropa hypopitys
yellow centaury Centaurium maritimum
yellow cupidone Catananche lutea
yellow dodder Cuscuta campestris
yellow flag Iris pseudacorus
yellow garlic Allium moly
yellow genipi Artemisia umbelliformis
yellow gromwell Neatostema apulum
yellow horned-poppy Glaucium flavum
yellow loosestrife Lysimachia vulgaris
yellow lupin Lupinus luteus
yellow milk-vetch Oxytropis campestris
yellow monk's-hood Aconitum anthora
yellow mountain saxifrage Saxifraga aizoides
yellow ophrys Ophrys lutea
yellow pea Lathyrus laevigatus ssp. occidentalis
yellow pimpernel Lysimachia nemorum
yellow restharrow Ononis natrix
yellow saxifrage Saxifraga aretioides
yellow sea aster Asteriscus maritimus
yellow sundew Drosophyllum lusitanicum
yellow water-lily Nuphar lutea
yellow-vetch Vicia lutea
yellow-wort Blackstonia perfoliata
yew Taxus baccata
 
 
Related information…
Mammals
Birds
Reptiles
Amphibians and fish
Butterflies and moths
Dragonflies and damselflies
Other invertebrates
HomeTours for 2017About IWTTestimonialsIWT BlogContact us Publications
Wildlife books
Wildlife articles
Translations
Custom wildlife & birding tours
Birds & birdwatching
List of birds
Geography & climate
List of dragonflies & damselflies
Travellers' Nature Guide species menu
Andalucia tours
Cabo de Gata
Sierra de Grazalema
Grazalema botanical trip report 2007
Aragón tours
Benasque botanical trip report 2008
Canaries tours
Natural History of the Canary Islands
Fuerteventura trip report
Catalonia tours
Catalan Pyrenees botanical trip report 2005
Extremadura tours
Birds & birding
Habitats
Location & geography
List of birds
List of butterflies
List of dragonflies & damselflies
Castilla y Leon tours
La Mancha tours
Birds & birding
Botanical trip report 2009
Madrid tours
Birds & birding
List of dragonflies & damselflies
Navarra tours
Picos tours
A naturalist's paradise
List of orchids
Botanical trip report 2004
Butterfly & moth trip report 2005
Butterfly & moth trip report 2006
Butterfly & moth trip report 2008
List of butterflies
Picos walking guide
Natural history of the Arrábida
Wildlife of the Sado estuary
Botanical trip report 2006
Ecuador cloudforest birdwatching
Birds & bison in Poland
 
 
 
  
All photos and text © copyright of the authors.

Home  |  About Iberian Wildlife Tours  |  Contact

Website by Richard Albion