Picos de Europa Wildlife Holidays with Iberian Wildlife Tours
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Sawfly Ophrys - Ophrys tenthredinifera © Teresa Farino Sawfly Ophrys
Ophrys tenthredinifera
© Teresa Farino

Orchids of the Picos de Europa

This list of the orchids of the Picos de Europa and immediate environs is compiled from 33 published and unpublished sources, as well as from field observations by Teresa Farino since 1985. Taxonomic order and nomenclature follow Castroviejo, S. (2005) Flora Ibérica; Vol. 21. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid. English common names follow Buttler, P. (1991) Field Guide to Orchids of Britain and Europe. The Crowood Press Ltd, Swindon. Most orchids do not have common names in Spanish.

Species marked with an asterisk (*) have not been seen personally by Teresa in the Picos de Europa.


Scientific Name Common Name
Epipactis palustris Marsh Helleborine
Epipactis helleborine Broad-leaved Helleborine
Epipactis atrorubens Dark-red Helleborine
Epipactis microphylla * Small-leaved Helleborine
Cephalanthera rubra Red Helleborine
Cephalanthera longifolia Sword-leaved Helleborine
Cephalanthera damasonium Large white Helleborine
Limodorum abortivum Violet Limodore
Limodorum trabutianum ( = L. abortivum ssp. trabutianum) Trabut's Limodore
Neottia nidus-avis Bird's-nest Orchid
Listera ovata ( = Neottia ovata) Twayblade
Spiranthes spiralis Autumn Lady's-tresses
Spiranthes aestivalis Summer Lady's tresses
Platanthera bifolia Lesser Butterfly Orchid
Platanthera chlorantha Greater Butterfly Orchid
Gymnadenia conopsea Fragrant Orchid
Pseudorchis albida ( = Leucorchis albida) * Small White Orchid
Nigritella gabasiana  
Coeloglossum viride Frog Orchid
Dactylorhiza sambucina (incl. vars incarnata & lutea) Elder-flowered Orchid
Dactylorhiza insularis ( = D. sambucina ssp. insularis) Barton's Orchid
Dactylorhiza sulphurea ( = D. markusii)  
Dactylorhiza incarnata Early Marsh Orchid
Dactylorhiza elata Robust Marsh Orchid
Dactylorhiza fuchsii ( = D. maculata ssp. meyeri) Common Spotted-Orchid
Dactylorhiza maculata Heath Spotted-Orchid
Neotinea maculata ( = N. intacta) Dense-flowered Orchid
Orchis papilionacea Pink Butterfly Orchid
Orchis morio ( = Anacamptis morio) Green-winged Orchid
Orchis coriophora Bug Orchid
Orchis ustulata ( = Neotinea ustulata) Burnt Orchid
Orchis provincialis Provence Orchid
Orchis pallens Pale-flowered Orchid
Orchis mascula Early Purple Orchid
Orchis langei ( = O. mascula ssp. hispanica) Lange's Orchid
Orchis laxiflora ( = Anacamptis laxiflora) * Loose-flowered Orchid
Aceras anthropophorum ( = Orchis anthropophora) Man Orchid
Himantoglossum hircinum Lizard Orchid
Barlia robertiana Giant Orchid
Anacamptis pyramidalis Pyramidal Orchid
Serapias parviflora Small-flowered Serapias
Serapias lingua Tongue Orchid
Serapias cordigera Heart-flowered Serapias
Ophrys tenthredinifera Sawfly Ophrys
Ophrys fusca (incl. ssp. fusca & bilunulata) Dull Ophrys
Ophrys insectifera ssp. insectifera Fly Orchid
Ophrys apifera Bee Orchid
Ophrys scolopax Woodcock Ophrys
Ophrys sphegodes Early spider Ophrys
Total: 49 species

Natural history tours in the Picos de Europa:

A Feast of Flowers - botanical trips to the Picos de Europa
A Family Wildlife Holiday in the Picos de Europa
Butterflies and Moths of the Southern Valleys of the Picos de Europa
Natural History of the Picos de Europa and Páramos of Northern Castile
Daily wildlife excursions in the Picos de Europa

Reports from past trips to the Picos de Europa:

A Feast of Flowers in the Picos de Europa - 2009 trip report
BSBI Botanical Tour of the Picos de Europa - 2004 trip report
Butterflies & moths of the Picos de Europa - 2008 trip report
Butterflies & moths of the Picos de Europa - 2006 trip report
Butterflies & moths of the Picos de Europa - 2005 trip report

Related information:

Picos de Europa - a naturalist's paradise
Complete list of butterflies for the Picos de Europa
Read about Teresa Farino
Wildlife holidays and natural history tours in Spain & Portugal
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Casa Gustavo
Friendly, family-run guesthouse near Potes, Cantabria, whose English hosts have an in-depth knowledge of the Picos de Europa.
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