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Pronged Clubtail - Gomphus graslinii © John Muddeman Pronged Clubtail female Gomphus graslinii © John Muddeman

List of the Dragonflies and Damselflies (Odonata) of Madrid
by John Muddeman
Updated October 2012

This list is based on our base list for Iberian & Macronesian odonates and what is apparently the only relatively recent revision of Odonata in Madrid (Javier García-Avilés 2002), which can be found in the article downloaded here. However, largely thanks to photographs published on the Biodiversidad Virtual website, several additonal species have been recorded since then, including Pronged Clubtail, Green Hooktail, Vagrant Emperor and Long Skimmer, as well as the recent reconfirmation of Faded Pincertail over a century after it was first, and last, recorded. The presence of Orange-spotted Emerald listed in this work, but not in the much more recent Atlas and Red Data Book of Threatened and Critically Threatened Spanish Invertebrates (Verdú & Galante 2009), needs reconfirming.

Taxonomy and nomenclature

Nomenclature and systematic treatment follows that of Dijkstra & Lewington (2006), except for modifying the vernacular and scientific names of Banded Groundling to Northern Banded Groundling (Brachythemis impartita).

Copper Demoiselle - Calopteryx haemorrhoidalis © John Muddeman Copper Demoiselle Calopteryx haemorrhoidalis © John Muddeman

Distribution

In total 59 species (24 damselflies; 35 dragonflies; 25 genera; including 1 uncertain species and genus) of Odonata have been recorded in Madrid.

Surprisingly perhaps, Madrid has apparently one of the least recorded dragonfly faunas of Spain to date, despite being relatively rich in species diversity given its surface area, with most of the data lodged in dispersed and rather obscure or difficult to obtain, and sometimes ancient references. Consequently, all records in the future are very welcome.

Please feel free to contact me to comment on the list, as my aim is to provide more detailed information, hopefully in the form of a provisional atlas, in the future.

If you'd like to observe and photograph dragonflies in Madrid or Extremadura, join me on a Dragonflies, Birds & Butterflies tour to Extremadura or contact me for options for a Tailor-made Trip

List

Common Name: English Scientific Name
 
DAMSELFLIES SUBORDER ZYGOPTERA
  Fam. Calopterygidae
Copper Demoiselle Calopteryx haemorrhoidalis
Beautiful Demoiselle Calopteryx virgo meridionalis
Western Demoiselle Calopteryx xanthostoma
 
  Fam. Lestidae
Migrant Spreadwing Lestes barbarus
Robust Spreadwing Lestes dryas
Dark Spreadwing Lestes macrostigma
Common Spreadwing Lestes sponsa sponsa
Small Spreadwing Lestes virens virens
Western Willow Spreadwing Lestes viridis
Winter Damsel Sympecma fusca
 
  Fam. Coenagrionidae
Small Red Damsel Ceriagrion tenellum
Mediterranean Bluet Coenagrion caerulescens
Mercury Bluet Coenagrion mercuriale
Azure Bluet Coenagrion puella
Dainty Bluet Coenagrion scitulum
Common Bluet Enallagma cyathigerum
Blue-eye Erythromma lindenii
Small Red-eye Erythromma viridulum
Common Bluetail Ischnura elegans
Iberian Bluetail Ischnura graellsii
Small Bluetail Ischnura pumilio
Large Red Damsel Pyrrhosoma nymphula
 
  Fam. Platycnemididae
Orange Featherleg Platycnemis acutipennis
White Featherleg Platycnemis latipes
 
DRAGONFLIES SUBORDER ANISOPTERA
  Fam. Aeshnidae
Blue-eyed Hawker Aeshna affinis
Blue Hawker Aeshna cyanea
Moorland Hawker Aeshna juncea
Migrant Hawker Aeshna mixta
Vagrant Emperor Anax ephippiger
Blue Emperor Anax imperator
Lesser Emperor Anax parthenope
Western Spectre Boyeria irene
 
  Fam. Gomphidae
Pronged Clubtail Gomphus graslinii
Western Clubtail Gomphus pulchellus
Yellow Clubtail Gomphus simillimus
Faded Pincertail Onychogomphus costae
Small Pincertail Onychogomphus forcipatus unguiculatus
Large Pincertail Onychogomphus uncatus
Green Hooktail Paragomphus genei
 
  Fam. Cordulegasteridae
Common Goldenring Cordulegaster boltonii
 
  Fam. Corduliidae
Orange-spotted Emerald Oxygastra curtisii
 
  Fam. Libellulidae
Northern Banded Groundling Brachythemis impartita
Broad Scarlet Crocothemis erythraea
Broad-bodied Chaser Libellula depressa
Blue Chaser Libellula fulva
Four-spotted Chaser Libellula quadrimaculata
Southern Skimmer Orthetrum brunneum
Black-tailed Skimmer Orthetrum cancellatum
Keeled Skimmer Orthetrum coerulescens
Yellow-veined Skimmer Orthetrum nitidinerve
Long Skimmer Orthetrum trinacria
Black Pennant Selysiothemis nigra
Yellow-winged Darter Sympetrum flaveolum
Red-veined Darter Sympetrum fonscolombii
Southern Darter Sympetrum meridionale
Ruddy Darter Sympetrum sanguineum
Common Darter Sympetrum striolatum
Moustached Darter Sympetrum vulgatum ibericum
Violet Dropwing Trithemis annulata

Bibliography

Javier García-Avilés. 2002. Biodiversidad de los humedales del Parque Regional del Sureste. II. Libélulas. Serie Documentos 36. Centro de Investigaciones Ambientales de la Comunidad de Madrid “FERNANDO GONZÁLEZ BERNÁLDEZ” 62 pp.

Verdú, J. R. y Galante, E., eds. 2009. Atlas de los Invertebrados Amenazados de España (Especies En Peligro Crítico y En Peligro). Dirección General para la Biodiversidad, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Madrid, 340 pp.

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