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List of the birds of Extremadura
(Status, populations, trends and conservation status)
by Javier Prieta, John Muddeman & Luis Santiago Cano

Updated in August 2009

The following list attempts to draw together in concise form the basic information available for the birds of Extremadura.

340 birds species have been recorded in Extremadura to date (all records to July 2008 and most subsequent rarities since J. Prieta pers. comm.), 253 are considered to be of regular occurrence. Doubtful species and those not accepted by the Spanish Rarities' Committee have not been included, except for recent records still under study. Considering that the majority of species may be present during different seasons of the year, they can be grouped into the following categories:

  • Breeders: 194 species (8 of these irregular breeders).
  • Winter visitors: 189 species (4 of these irregular).
  • On passage: 246 species (only 18 are considered as exclusively migratory).
  • Accidental / Vagrants: 72 species (plus 3 subspecies).
  • Escapes from captivity: 21 species (3 regularly breeding and 3 occasionally breeding).

John Muddeman

John Muddeman

A professional tour guide, writer and scientific translator, with a lifelong interest in diverse aspects of natural history. He lives the Madrid mountains and guides organised groups throughout Iberia, Europe and further afield.

The sources used in the production of this list are as follows:

  • Spanish, English and scientific names. Spanish names follow the official SEO/BirdLife list with a few exceptions, English and scientific names follow the AERC list for the Western Palearctic (http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of_the_WP15.pdf) with a few additions for escaped taxa (HBW).

  • Status, breeding population, wintering population and trend. All the information has been taken from: Prieta, J. (2007). Aves de Extremadura vol. 3. Anuario ADENEX 2001-2003. (Extremadura Bird Report). Data since 2004 from the data periodically published by the Grupo Local SEO-Cáceres (Cáceres Ornithological Group) published in http://www.seocaceres.org and other unpublished and published data. Given the relative lack of knowledge about the majority of the Extremaduran bird species, many of the figures should be considered as simply orientative estimates with wide margins of error. Data coming from reliable published censuses are highlighted in bold, though given lack of space are not sourced.

  • Threat and legal protection statuses. These follow the Birds of Spain Red Data List (Madroño et al., 2004; SEO/BirdLife y MIMAM) and also the Catalogue of Threatened Species of Extremadura (CREA; Decree 37/2001).

Code

Status
R Resident r Scarce resident
S Summer visitor s Scarce summer visitor
W Winter visitor w Scarce winter visitor
M Migrant m Scarce migrant
A Accidental / Vagrant (in bold: National Rarities) (no. records/no. individuals) Aw In winter
Am On migration
A? Uncertain
A* Of unknown origin
Capt Escape from captivity (no. records/ no. individuals)

  
Trends
= Stable
+ Increasing
- Decreasing
F Fluctuating

Threat status (Spanish Red Data Book - RDB)
RE Extinct
CR At Critical risk of extinction
EN Endangered
VU Vulnerable
DD Data Deficient
NT Near-Threatened
LC Least Concern
LC** Of Least Concern but which require monitoring
  
Regional legal protection (Decree 37/2001)
EN Endangered
SHC Sensitive to habitat change
VU Vulnerable
SI Of Special Interest

  English name Scientific name Spanish name Status codes Breeding population Winter population Trend RDB RLP
1 Mute Swan Cygnus olor Cisne Vulgar Capt (2/3)          
2 Black Swan Cygnus atratus Cisne Negro Capt (6/14)          
3 Bean Goose Anser fabalis ánsar Campestre Aw (4/10)       CR SI
4 Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus ánsar Piquicorto Aw (2/3)          
5 Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons ánsar Careto w   5-10 ex     SI
6 Greylag Goose Anser anser ánsar Común W   6000-19000 ex +    
7 Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus ánsar Indio Capt (3/3)          
8 Canada Goose Branta canadensis Barnacla Canadiense A (2/2)          
  hybrid Canada x Barnacle Goose B. canadensis x leucopsis Híbr. canadiense x cariblanca A(1/1)          
9 Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis Barnacla Cariblanca Aw (8/10)          
10 Brent Goose Branta bernicla Barnacla Carinegra Aw (2/2)          
  Pale-bellied Brent Goose Branta bernicla hrota B. Carinegra "ventriclara" Aw (2/2)          
11 Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis Barnacla Cuellirroja Aw (1/1)          
12 Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca Ganso del Nilo Capt (>15) 1 case        
13 Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea Tarro Canelo Capt (>50)       CR SI
14 South African Shelduck Tadorna cana Tarro Sudafricano Capt (1/1)          
15 Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna Tarro Blanco m + w   0-100 ex F NT SI
16 Wood Duck Aix sponsa Pato Joyuyo Capt (3/9)          
17 Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata Pato Mandarín A (6/7)          
18 Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope Silbón Europeo W   2100-12000 ex +    
19 Gadwall Anas strepera ánade Friso R + W 250 pp 4750-8000 ex + LC  
20 Common Teal Anas crecca Cerceta Común W   37.750-45000 ex + VU  
21 Green-winged Teal Anas carolinensis Cerceta Americana Aw (1/1)          
22 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos ánade Azulón R + W 10000 pp 30000-50000 ex +    
23 Northern Pintail Anas acuta ánade Rabudo W   11000-26000 ex + NT  
24 Garganey Anas querquedula Cerceta Carretona s + M + w 1 case 0-10 ex. = VU VU
25 Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata Cuchara Común r + W 5-15 pp 35000-53000 ex + NT  
26 Marbled Duck Marmaronetta angustirostris Cerceta Pardilla A (4/5)       CR  
27 Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina Pato Colorado r + W 5-20 pp 100-1400 ex - VU VU
28 Common Pochard Aythya ferina Porrón Europeo r + W 5-20 pp 500-3200 ex =   SI
29 Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca Porrón Pardo w   10 ex   CR  
30 Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula Porrón Moñudo r + W 1 case 100-1100 ex -   SI
31 Greater Scaup Aythya marila Porrón Bastardo Aw (9/15)         SI
32 Common Scoter Melanitta nigra Negrón Común Aw (1/5)          
33 Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca Negrón Especulado Aw (1/1)          
34 Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Serreta Mediana A (1/1)          
35 Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Malvasía Canela A (1/1)          
36 White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala Malvasía Cabeciblanca A (2/2)       EN  
37 Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa Perdiz Roja R 300000 pp > 700000 ex - DD  
38 Common Quail Coturnix coturnix Codorniz Común S + R 30000-40000 pp > 1000 ex - DD  
39 Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Faisán Vulgar Capt (>10) 1 case        
40 Golden Pheasant Chrysolophus pictus Faisán Dorado Capt (1/1)          
41 Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata Colimbo Chico Aw (1/1)          
42 Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica Colimbo ártico Aw (2/2)          
43 Great Northern Diver Gavia immer Colimbo Grande Aw (1/1)          
44 Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis Zampullín Común R + W 500-1000 pp 1468-2000 ex =   SI
45 Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus Somormujo Lavanco R + W 400-600 pp 700-1200 ex =   SI
46 Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Zampullín Cuellinegro r + W 0-5 pp 100-150 ex = NT SHC
47 European Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus Paíño Europeo Aw (1/1)       VU  
48 Madeiran Storm-petrel Oceanodroma castro Paíño de Madeira Aw (2/2)       EN  
49 Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Cormorán Grande r + W 100 pp 12.265-13000 ex +   SI
50 Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus Pelícano Común A* (8/9)          
51 Pink-backed Pelican Pelecanus rufescens Pelícano Rosado A* (1/1)          
52 Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris Avetoro Común r +m + w 1 case 10 ex   CR EN
53 Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus Avetorillo Común S + w 300-400 pp > 50 ex + LC SHC
54 Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Martinete Común S + w 131-150 pp < 25 ex F LC SHC
55 Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides Garcilla Cangrejera s + w 10-20 pp < 10 ex + NT EN
56 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Garcilla Bueyera R 9061-25700 pp 50000-100000 ex =   SI
57 Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis Garceta Dimorfa A (2/2)          
  hybrid Western Reef x Little Egret E. gularis x garzetta Híbrido G. dimorfa x común A (6/6)          
58 Little Egret Egretta garzetta Garceta Común R + W 281-300 pp 1500-2000 ex +   SI
59 Great Egret Casmerodius albus Garceta Grande W   150-300 ex +   VU
60 Grey Heron Ardea cinerea Garza Real R + W 900-1.100 pp > 2500 ex +   SI
61 Purple Heron Ardea purpurea Garza Imperial s + m 50 pp   = LC** SHC
62 Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis Tántalo Africano A* (1/1)        
63 Black Stork Ciconia nigra Cigüeña Negra S + w 195-220 pp 51-100 ex + VU EN
64 White Stork Ciconia ciconia Cigüeña Blanca S + R 11190-12000 pp 6952-8000 ex +   SI
65 Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumeniferus Marabú Africano A* (5/5)          
66 Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Morito Común M     + VU VU
67 Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus Ibis Sagrado A* (5/7)          
68 Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita Ibis Eremita A* (2/2)         
69 Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia Espátula Común s + M + w 20-30 pp 10 ex (> 1000 migr.) + VU VU
70 African Spoonbill Platalea alba Espátula Africana A* (1/1)          
71 Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus Flamenco Común A (>125)       NT SI
72 American Black Vulture Coragyps atratus Zopilote Negro Capt (1/1)          
73 European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus Abejero Europeo S 75-150 pp   = LC** SHC
74 Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus Elanio Común R 199-250 pp > 500 ex = NT VU
75 Black Kite Milvus migrans Milano Negro S + w 2700-3400 pp < 25 ex - NT SI
76 Red Kite Milvus milvus Milano Real R + W 248-316 pp 7724 ex - EN VU
77 Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus Quebrantahuesos A (5/5) Extinct     EN  
78 Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus Alimoche Común S + w 183-200 pp 15-30 ex = EN VU
79 Eurasian Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus Buitre Leonado R 1283-2000 pp > 5000 ex +   SI
80 Rüppell's Griffon Vulture Gyps rueppellii Buitre Moteado A (5/7)          
81 Eurasian Black Vulture Aegypius monachus Buitre Negro R 910-1200 pp > 2000 ex + VU SHC
82 Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus Culebrera Europea S + w 300-500 pp 1 record = LC** SI
83 Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus Aguilucho Lagunero Occid. R + W 85-100 pp 300-325 ex +   SHC
84 Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus Aguilucho Pálido r + W < 10 pp 250-350 ex +   SHC
85 Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus Aguilucho Papialbo A (1/1)          
86 Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus Aguilucho Cenizo S + M 1000-1100 pp   = VU SHC
87 Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Azor Común R 50-100 pp   =   SI
88 Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Gavilán Común R + m + w 200 pp 500 ex =   SI
89 Common Buzzard Buteo buteo Busardo Ratonero R + w 1000-1500 pp 5000 ex =   SI
  'Steppe' Buzzard Buteo buteo vulpinus Busardo de Estepa A (4/4)          
90 Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus Busardo Moro A (1/1)          
91 Spanish Eagle Aquila adalberti águila Imperial Ibé rica R 49 pp 175 ex + EN EN
92 Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos águila Real R 124-130 pp 300 ex + NT VU
93 Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus Aguililla Calzada S + w > 500 pp < 10 ex +   SI
94 Bonelli's Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus águila Perdicera R 97-110 pp 250 ex = EN SHC
95 Osprey Pandion haliaetus águila Pescadora M + w   10-25 ex + CR VU
96 Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni Cernícalo Primilla S + w 3750-5000 pp > 100 ex = VU SHC
97 Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Cernícalo Vulgar R + W 1000-2000 pp 5000 ex =   SI
98 Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus Cernícalo Patirrojo Am (8/8)          
99 Merlin Falco columbarius Esmerejón W + m   300-500 = LC SI
100 Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo Alcotán Europeo S < 100 pp   = NT SHC
101 Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae Halcón de Eleonora A (2/2)       NT  
102 Lanner Falco biarmicus Halcón Borní A* (1/1)          
103 Peregrine Falco peregrinus Halcón Peregrino R + W 49-100 pp > 300 ex +   SHC
104 Water Rail Rallus aquaticus Rascón Europeo R + W 1000 pp   =   SI
105 Spotted Crake Porzana porzana Polluela Pintoja m (>15)       DD SI
106 Little Crake Porzana parva Polluela Bastarda Am (3/4)       DD SI
107 Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla Polluela Chica Am (4/4)       DD SI
108 Corn Crake Crex crex Guión de Codornices Aw (2/2)       NT  
109 Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Gallineta Común R 15000 pp > 25000 +    
110 Purple Swamp-hen Porphyrio porphyrio Calamón Común R > 50 pp > 100 +   SHC
111 Eurasian Coot Fulica atra Focha Común R + W 1000 pp 4.363-8.200 ex -    
112 Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata Focha Cornuda A (1/1)       CR  
113 Common Crane Grus grus Grulla Común W   90000 ex + RE SI
114 Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo Grulla Damisela A* (1/1)Extinct       EXT
115 Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax Sisón Común R + w 9000-17000 pp 6800-20000 ex - VU SHC
116 Great Bustard Otis tarda Avutarda Común R 5500-6500 ex 5500-6500 ex = VU SHC
117 Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus Ostrero Euroasiático m (7/8)       NT SI
118 Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus Cigüeñuela Común S + w 300-600 pp 150-300 ex +   SI
119 Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta Avoceta Común m + w   50-300 ex F LC SI
120 Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus Alcaraván Común R + W 5000-7500 pp 10000-20000 ex - NT  
121 Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor Corredor Sahariano A (1/1)          
122 Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola Canastera Común S 1000-2000 pp   - VU SHC
123 Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Chorlitejo Chico S + w 1000-2000 pp 200 ex =   SI
124 Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula Chorlitejo Grande m + w   50 ex F   SI
125 Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Chorlitejo Culirrojo A (1/1)          
126 Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus Chorlitejo Patinegro r + w 2 cases > 10 ex   VU SI
127 Eurasian Dotterel Charadrius morinellus Chorlito Carambolo m       EN  
128 European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria Chorlito Dorado Europeo W + m   > 25000 ex F    
129 Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola Chorlito Gris m + w   0-10 ex =   SI
130 Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius Avefría Sociable Aw (1/1)          
131 Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Avefría Europea r + W 50-75 pp > 250000 ex - LC**  
132 Red Knot Calidris canutus Correlimos Gordo Am (8/12)         SI
133 Sanderling Calidris alba Correlimos Tridáctilo m         SI
134 Little Stint Calidris minuta Correlimos Menudo M + W   336-500 ex F   SI
135 Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii Correlimos de Temminck m + w   10 ex =   SI
136 Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Correlimos Pectoral A (2/2)          
137 Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Correlimos Zarapatín m + Aw   2 records     SI
138 Dunlin Calidris alpina Correlimos Común M + W   1000-2500 ex F   SI
139 Ruff Philomachus pugnax Combatiente M + w   25-150 ex -   SI
140 Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus Agachadiza Chica m + W   > 100 ex - NT SI
141 Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago Agachadiza Común M + W   20000 ex - EN  
142 Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola Chocha Perdiz W   2500-5000 ex F    
143 Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa Aguja Colinegra r + M + w 1 case 120000 ex (migr.) - VU SI
144 Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica Aguja Colipinta m         SI
145 Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Zarapito Trinador M          
146 Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata Zarapito Real m + W   100 ex - EN SI
147 Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus Archibebe Oscuro M + w   50 ex -   SI
148 Common Redshank Tringa totanus Archibebe Común M + w   200-500 ex - VU SI
149 Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis Archibebe Fino Am (3/3)         SI
150 Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Archibebe Claro M + W   100-250 ex =   SI
151 Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes Archibebe Patigualdo Chico Am (1/1)          
152 Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Andarríos Grande M + W   500 ex =   SI
153 Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola Andarríos Bastardo m + w   0-25 ex -   SI
154 Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Andarríos Chico r + M + w 5-25 pp 500 ex -   SI
155 Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Vuelvepiedras Común M         SI
156 Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Falaropo Picofino Am (3/3)         SI
157 Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Falaropo Picogrueso Am (3/3)         SI
158 Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus Págalo Parásito Am (2/2)         SI
159 Great Skua Stercorarius skua Págalo Grande Am (2/4)         SI
160 Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus Gaviota Cabecinegra m + w         SI
161 Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan Gaviota Pipizcan A (1/1)          
162 Little Gull Larus minutus Gaviota Enana Aw (4/10)          
163 Sabine's Gull Larus sabini Gaviota de Sabine Am (1/1)          
164 Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus Gaviota Reidora r + W 30-40 pp 45000-70000 ex =    
165 Slender-billed Gull Larus genei Gaviota Picofina Am (1/1)          
166 Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii Gaviota de Audouin M   200 ex. (migr.) + VU  
167 Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Gaviota de Delaware Aw (1/1)          
168 Mew Gull Larus canus Gaviota Cana Aw (7/8)          
169 Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus Gaviota Sombría W + m   41000-60000 ex +    
170 Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis Gaviota Patiamarilla r + m + w 2 pp. 50 ex. +    
171 Greater Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Gavión Atlántico Aw (1/1)          
172 Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Gaviota Tridáctila Aw (1/1)       EN  
173 Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica Pagaza Piconegra S 1.100 pp   + / F VU SHC
174 Caspian Tern Sterna caspia Pagaza Piquirroja Am (>10)          
175 Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis Charrán Patinegro A (1/1)       NT  
176 Common Tern Sterna hirundo Charrán Común s + m (1/1) 0-20 pp   + NT SHC
177 Little Tern Sterna albifrons Charrancito Común S + w 200-300 pp 1 case = NT SHC
178 Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus Fumarel Cariblanco s + m + w 0-100 pp 2 cases F NT SHC
179 Black Tern Chlidonias niger Fumarel Común s + M 1 case (2 pp)   -   SI
180 White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus Fumarel Aliblanco Am (3/3)          
181 Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis Ganga Ortega R 1000-2000 ex 1000-2000 ex - VU SHC
182 Pin-tailed Sandgrouse Pterocles alchata Ganga Ibé rica R 1000-1500 ex 1000-1500 ex - VU SHC
183 Rock Dove / Feral Pigeon Columba livia Paloma Bravía R < 500 pp   -    
184 Stock Dove Columba oenas Paloma Zurita r + W 100-250 pp 10000 ex + DD  
185 Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus Paloma Torcaz R + W 100000 pp 350000-1650000 ex F    
186 Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Tórtola Turca R 80000 pp   +    
187 European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur Tórtola Europea S 50000 pp   - VU  
188 Namaqua Dove Oena capensis Tortolita Rabilarga Capt (1/30)          
189 Cockatiel Nymphicus hollandicus Cacatúa Ninfa Capt (1/1)          
190 Rosy-faced Lovebird Agapornis roseicollis Inseparable de Namibia Capt (1/1)          
191 Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri Cotorra de Kramer Capt (4/4)          
192 Burrowing Parakeet Cyanoliseus patagonus Loro Barranquero Capt (1/1)          
193 Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus Cotorra Argentina Capt (2/5)          
194 Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius Críalo Europeo S 20000 pp   +   SI
195 Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus Cuco Común S 40000 pp   +   SI
196 Barn Owl Tyto alba Lechuza Común R 2000 pp   -   SI
197 European Scops Owl Otus scops Autillo Europeo S + w 10000 pp < 100 ex. =   SI
198 Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo bubo Búho Real R 400-800 pp   +   SI
199 Little Owl Athene noctua Mochuelo Europeo R 15000 pp   =   SI
200 Tawny Owl Strix aluco Cárabo Común R 5000 pp   =   SI
201 Long-eared Owl Asio otus Búho Chico R 200 pp 300 ex =   VU
202 Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Búho Campestre r + W 3 cases 200 ex F NT SI
203 European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus Chotacabras Europeo S 1000 pp   =   SI
204 Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis Chotacabras Cuellirrojo S 30000 pp   =   SI
205 Alpine Swift Apus melba Vencejo Real S 250-500 pp   =   VU
206 Common Swift Apus apus Vencejo Común S 200000 pp   =   SI
207 Pallid Swift Apus pallidus Vencejo Pálido S 25000 pp   =   SI
208 White-rumped Swift Apus caffer Vencejo Cafre S 50-100 pp   + VU VU
209 Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis Martín Pescador Común R + W 1500 pp 4000 ex = NT SI
210 European Bee-eater Merops apiaster Abejaruco Europeo S 35000 pp   =   SI
211 European Roller Coracias garrulus Carraca Europea S 1000 pp   - VU VU
212 Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops Abubilla R 200000 pp 25000 ex =   SI
213 Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla Torcecuello Euroasiático s + m + w 100 pp > 50 ex + DD SI
214 European Green Woodpecker Picus viridis Pito Real R 5000 pp   =   SI
215 Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major Pico Picapinos R 15000 pp   +   SI
216 Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor Pico Menor R 1000-2000 pp   =   VU
217 Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra Calandria Común R 200000 pp   -   SI
218 Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla Terrera Común S 100000 pp   -   SI
219 Lesser Short-toed Lark Calandrella rufescens Terrera Marismeña A (2/6)       NT*  
220 Crested Lark Galerida cristata Cogujada Común R 500000 pp   -   SI
221 Thekla Lark Galerida theklae Cogujada Montesina R 30000 pp   =   SI
222 Wood Lark Lullula arborea Alondra Totovía R + W 200000 pp   =   SI
223 Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis Alondra Común S + M + W 1000 pp > 1000000 ex -   SI
224 Sand Martin Riparia riparia Avión Zapador S 7010-9000 pp   =   SHC
225 Eurasian Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris Avión Roquero R 20000 pp 100000 ex =   SI
226 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Golondrina Común S + w 400000 pp 25-100 ex. -   SI
227 Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica Golondrina Dáurica S 50000 pp 2 cases =   SI
228 Common House Martin Delichon urbicum Avión Común S + w 300000 pp 50-200 ex. +   SI
229 Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris Bisbita Campestre s + M 100-1000 pp   =   SI
230 Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis Bisbita Arbóreo s + M < 25 pp   =   SI
231 Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis Bisbita Pratense W   > 1000000 ex =   SI
232 Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta Bisbita Alpino s + W 100 pp > 5000 ex =   SI
233 Yellow ['Spanish'] Wagtail Motacilla flava iberiae Lavandera Boyera ibé rica s + m < 100 pp   +   SI
  'Blue-headed' Wagtail Motacilla flava flava L. Boyera centroeuropea M     =   SI
  'British' Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava flavissima L. Boyera británica m     -   SI
  'Grey-headed' Wagtail Motacilla flava thunbergi L. Boyera escandinava Am (>20)         SI
  'Black-headed' Wagtail Motacilla flava feldegg L. Boyera balcánica Am (1/1)         SI
234 Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea Lavandera Cascadeña R + W 5000 pp 10000 ex =   SI
235 White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba Lavandera Blanca R + W 20000 pp 500000 ex =   SI
  Pied Wagtail Motacilla alba yarrellii Lavandera Blanca enlutada w   > 500 ex. =   SI
236 White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus Mirlo Acuático R 500 pp   =   VU
237 Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes Chochín R 100000 pp   =   SI
238 Dunnock Prunella modularis Acentor Común R + W 2000 pp 50000 ex =   SI
239 Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris Acentor Alpino r + w 100 pp 500 ex. =   SI
240 Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas galactotes Alzacola S 10000 pp   - EN VU
241 European Robin Erithacus rubecula Petirrojo R + W 25000 pp > 2000000 ex +   SI
242 Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos Ruiseñor Común S 500000 pp   =   SI
243 Bluethroat Luscinia svecica Pechiazul s + w 200 pp 500 ex -   VU
244 Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Colirrojo Tizón R + W 30000 pp   =   SI
245 Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus Colirrojo Real s + M 500-1000 pp   + VU SI
246 Whinchat Saxicola rubetra Tarabilla Norteña M     -   SI
247 Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata Tarabilla Común R 100000 pp   -   SI
248 Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Collalba Gris S + M 500 pp   -   SI
249 Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica Collalba Rubia S 50000 pp   - NT SI
250 Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura Collalba Negra R 500-1000 pp   - NT SI
251 Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis Roquero Rojo s + m 100 pp   =   SHC
252 Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius Roquero Solitario R 5000 pp   =   SI
253 Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus Mirlo Capiblanco m + w     =   SI
254 Common Blackbird Turdus merula Mirlo Común R 500000 pp   +   SI
255 Fieldfare Turdus pilaris Zorzal Real W   200-5000 ex F    
256 Song Thrush Turdus philomelos Zorzal Común r + W < 25 pp > 1000000 ex F    
257 Redwing Turdus iliacus Zorzal Alirrojo W   5000-50000 ex F    
258 Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus Zorzal Charlo R 50000 pp   =    
259 Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti Ruiseñor Bastardo R 10000 pp   -   SI
260 Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis Buitrón R 50000 pp 10000 ex -   SI
261 Common Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia Buscarla Pintoja M     =   SI
262 Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides Buscarla Unicolor S 100 pp   + NT SI
263 Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon Carricerín Real ¿r? 2-10 pp ¿ ? F VU SI
264 Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola Carricerín Cejudo Am (2/2)     -   SI
265 Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Carricerín Común M     =   SI
266 European Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus Carricero Común S 5000 pp   +   SI
267 Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus Carricero Tordal S 10500 pp   +   SI
268 Western Olivaceous Warbler Hippolais opaca Zarcero Pálido Occidental S ¿?     NT SI
269 Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta Zarcero Común S 100000 pp 1 case =   SI
270 Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla Curruca Capirotada R + W 100000 pp > 1000000 ex +   SI
271 Garden Warbler Sylvia borin Curruca Mosquitera s + M 10-100 pp   =   SI
272 Western Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis Curruca Mirlona S 2500-5000 pp   + LC** SI
273 Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis Curruca Zarcera s + M 500 pp   =   SI
274 Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata Curruca Tomillera S 5000 pp   = LC** SI
275 Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata Curruca Rabilarga R 150000 pp   -   SI
276 Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans Curruca Carrasqueña S 150000 pp   =   SI
277 Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala Curruca Cabecinegra R 500000 pp   -   SI
278 Hume's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus humei Mosquitero de Hume Aw (1/1)          
279 Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli Mosquitero Papialbo S 20000 pp   +   SI
280 Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix Mosquitero Silbador Am (2/2)         SI
281 Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus Mosquitero Ibé rico s + m 250 pp   =   SI
282 Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Mosquitero Común r + W 100 pp > 500000 ex =   SI
283 Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus Mosquitero Musical M       NT SI
284 Goldcrest Regulus regulus Reyezuelo Sencillo W   500-5000 ex F   SI
285 Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla Reyezuelo Listado R + W 2500 pp > 50000 ex =   SI
286 Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata Papamoscas Gris S + M 2000 pp   =   SI
287 Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca hypoleuca Papamoscas Cerrojillo M     =   SI
  Spanish Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca iberiae P. Cerrojillo ibé rico S 300 pp.   =   SI
288 Bearded Reedling Panurus biarmicus Bigotudo r > 10 pp   +   SI
289 Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus Mito R 75000 pp   =   SI
290 Crested Tit Parus cristatus Herrerillo Capuchino R 20000 pp   -   SI
291 Coal Tit Parus ater Carbonero Garrapinos R 10000 pp   -   SI
292 Blue Tit Parus caeruleus Herrerillo Común R 500000 pp   +   SI
293 Great Tit Parus major Carbonero Común R 500000 pp   +   SI
294 Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea Trepador Azul R 12000 pp   =   SI
295 Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria Treparriscos w   > 25 ex     SI
296 Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla Agateador Común R 250000 pp   =   SI
297 Eurasian Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus Pájaro Moscón R + W 500-1000 pp > 1000 ex +   SI
298 Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus Oropéndola S 30000 pp   +   SI
299 Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio Alcaudón Dorsirrojo s + Am 1 case       SI
300 Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis Alcaudón Real R 25000 pp   - NT SI
301 Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator Alcaudón Común S 200000 pp   - NT SI
302 Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius Arrendajo R 50000 pp   +   SI
303 Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyana Rabilargo R 200000 pp   +   SI
304 Common Magpie Pica pica Urraca R 75000 pp   =    
305 Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Chova Piquirroja R 150-400 pp   = NT* SI
306 Western Jackdaw Corvus monedula Grajilla R 25000 pp   =    
307 Rook Corvus frugilegus Graja A (1/5)          
308 Carrion Crow Corvus corone Corneja Negra R 50-200 pp   =    
309 Common Raven Corvus corax Cuervo R 2000 pp   =    
310 Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris Estornino Pinto W   50000-200000 ex -    
311 Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor Estornino Negro R 1000000 pp   +    
312 Rosy Starling Sturnus roseus Estornino Rosado A (1/1)          
313 House Sparrow Passer domesticus Gorrión Común R 2000000 pp   =    
314 Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis Gorrión Moruno R 300000 pp   +    
315 Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus Gorrión Molinero R 25000 pp   -   SI
316 Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia Gorrión Chillón R 100000 pp   =   SI
317 White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis Gorrión Alpino Aw (1/1)          
318 Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea Quelea Común Capt (1/1)          
319 Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild Pico de Coral R > 3000 pp   +    
320 Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes Estrilda culinegra Capt (1/1)          
321 Red Avadavat Amandava amandava Bengalí Rojo R > 5000 pp   +    
322 Yellow-crowned Bishop Euplectes afer Tejedor Amarillo r > 5 pp   +    
323 Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Pinzón Vulgar R + W 1000000 pp > 2000000 ex +    
324 Brambling Fringilla montifringilla Pinzón Real W   100-25000 ex F    
325 European Serin Serinus serinus Verdecillo R + W 500000 pp > 1000000 ex -    
326 Citril Finch Serinus citrinella Verderón Serrano r < 25 pp   =    
327 European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris Verderón Común R 200000 pp   =    
328 European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis Jilguero R + W 400000 pp > 600000 ex -    
329 European Siskin Carduelis spinus Lúgano W   1000-200000 ex F    
330 Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina Pardillo Común R 200000 pp 500000 ex =    
331 Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Piquituerto Común r 0-25 pp 0-100 ex. F    
332 Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula Camachuelo Común W   1000-2000 ex =    
333 Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes Picogordo R 15000 pp 50000 ex =    
334 Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis Escribano Nival A (4/4)          
335 Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella Escribano Cerillo w   < 100 ex      
336 Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus Escribano Soteño R 50000 pp   =    
337 Rock Bunting Emberiza cia Escribano Montesino R 100000 pp   =    
338 Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana Escribano Hortelano S 5000 pp   =    
339 Common Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus Escribano Palustre W   > 10000 ex -    
340 Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra Triguero R 1000000 pp > 2000000 ex -    
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