Birds and birdwatching in Spain with Iberian Wildlife Tours
    Iberian Wildlife Tours in Spain and Portugal - for the wildlife holiday or natural history tour of a lifetime

List of the birds of Spain, including the Canary Islands
by John Muddeman
Updated January 2010

This is the latest full Spanish list (mid Jan 2010), based on the taxonomy, systematic order and English names in Gill, F. and M. Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names (Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, On-line Version 2.3 generated on 2009-12-20 here. Spanish names follow the SEO/BirdLife world list of recommended Spanish names, though this is still incomplete, plus also the list of exotic species produced by the SEO/BirdLife Exotic Bird Group (GAE; available here).

The species list has been compiled from several sources: the full SEO/BirdLife Spanish list (dated 2005), brought more up to date using the Rarities Committee on-line update, which includes all records until the end of 2008, plus cross-checking against the list of Spanish exotic species (dated March 2006; see above). In addition, more recent unconfirmed records of new sub/species until mid-January 2010 were included from records on the RareBirdSpain and Reservoir Birds websites. Finally a few other (mainly old and unconfirmed records) have been traced in the full list of Spanish birds available on-line at . However, given the time elapsed since the official Spanish list and list of Exotic Species were published, the list might not be complete, and given differences in taxonomy, some of the species considered here may not have been recognized in the official list. Any errors are my own and the list is not an officially recognized one.

John Muddeman

John Muddeman

A professional tour guide, writer and scientific translator, with a lifelong interest in diverse aspects of natural history. He lives the Madrid mountains and guides organised groups throughout Iberia, Europe and further afield.

For full details of which species are considered rarities in peninsular Spain plus the Balearics, and which in the Canary Islands, please consult the original lists, since not surprisingly, they differ greatly. Formally accepted individuals not specifically identified to species, e.g. Frigatebird sp., Spotted / Lesser Spotted Eagle, etc. are not included in the final total, nor are those hybrids and subspecies included in the list, which are included however as figuring in the list of national rarities, with accepted records. Category D species are included for completeness as some may possibly relate to wild individuals (e.g. there are a relatively large number of possible African vagrants, but these are generally considered of unproven origin), but are also not included in the final total.

There are currently 528 accepted species in categories A, B and C, but not including at least twenty-one species with apparently pending recent records: Tundra Bean Goose, Cackling Goose, Pacific Loon, Fea's Petrel, Eastern Great Egret, White-backed Vulture, Steppe Eagle, Saker Falcon, African Swamphen, Red-necked Stint, Egyptian Nightjar, Belted Kingfisher, Red-tailed Shrike, Long-tailed Shrike, Arctic Warbler, Moltoni's Warbler, Grey-cheeked Thrush, Naumann's Thrush, Isabelline Wheatear, American Redstart & House Bunting, plus an old record of Tawny Eagle, but current Category D species include both Slaty-backed and Kelp Gulls, the regional statuses of which have changed recently and may prompt a reassessment of their status, and African Sacred Ibis which, perhaps strangely, is included in E list despite numerous records in Spain and a large feral population just over the border in SW France.


Reference numbers within the table refers to the footnotes.

  Pheasants, Fowl and Allies PHASIANIDAE  
B,E3 Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia Grévol Común
A Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus Urogallo Común
A Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus muta Lagópodo Alpino
A,C1 Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara Perdiz Moruna
A,C1,E1 Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa Perdiz Roja
A,E3 Grey Partridge Perdix perdix Perdiz Pardilla
A,E3 Common Quail Coturnix coturnix Codorniz Común
C1,E3 Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Faisán Vulgar
  Ducks, Geese and Allies ANATIDAE  
A Taiga Bean Goose Anser fabalis ánsar Campestre
A? Tundra Bean Goose Anser serrirostris ?
A Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus ánsar Piquicorto
A,E3 Greylag Goose Anser anser ánsar Común
A,E3 Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons ánsar Careto
C5 Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus ánsar Chico
C5,E3 Canada Goose Branta canadensis Barnacla Canadiense
A? Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii ?
A,E3 Brant Goose Branta bernicla Barnacla Carinegra
A,D,E3 Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis Barnacla Cariblanca
A,E3 Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis Barnacla Cuellirroja
A,E2,E3 Mute Swan Cygnus olor Cisne Vulgar
A Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus Cisne Chico
- Tundra / Whooper Swan Cygnus columbianus / cygnus  
A Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus Cisne Cantor
A Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna Tarro Blanco
A,E2 Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea Tarro Canelo
C5,E2 Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata Pato Mandarín
A Gadwall Anas strepera ánade Friso
A,E3 Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope Silbón Europeo
A American Wigeon Anas americana Silbón Americano
A American Black Duck Anas rubripes ánade Sombrío
A,E2,E3 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos ánade Azulón
A,E3 Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Cerceta Aliazul
A Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata Cuchara Común
A,E3 Northern Pintail Anas acuta ánade Rabudo
A Garganey Anas querquedula Cerceta Carretona
A Eurasian Teal Anas crecca Cerceta Común
- Eurasian X Green-winged Teal Anas crecca x carolinensis  
A Green-winged Teal Anas carolinensis Cerceta Americana
A,E3 Marbled Duck Marmaronetta angustirostris Cerceta Pardilla
A,E3 Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina Pato Colorado
A Common Pochard Aythya ferina Porrón Europeo
A,E3 Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca Porrón Pardo
A Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Porrón Acollarado
A Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula Porrón Moñudo
A Greater Scaup Aythya marila Porrón Bastardo
A Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis Porrón Bola
A King Eider Somateria spectabilis Eider Real
A Common Eider Somateria mollissima Eider Común
A Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata Negrón Careto
A Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca Negrón Especulado
A Black Scoter Melanitta nigra Negrón Común
A American Scoter Melanitta americana Negrón Americano
A Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis Pato Havelda
A Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Porrón Osculado
A,E3 Smew Mergus albellus Serreta Chica
A Common Merganser Mergus merganser Serreta Grande
A Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Serreta Mediana
C5,E2 Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Malvasía Canela
A,E2 White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala Malvasía Cabeciblanca
  Loons GAVIIDAE  
A Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata Colimbo Chico
A Black-throated Loon Gavia arctica Colimbo ártico
A? Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica Colimbo del Pacífico
A Great Northern Loon Gavia immer Colimbo Grande
  Albatrosses DIOMEDEIDAE  
A Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris Albatros Ojeroso
  Petrels, Shearwaters PROCELLARIIDAE  
A Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis Fulmar Boreal
A? Fea's Petrel Pterodroma feae Petrel Gon-gon
A Capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata Petrel Antillano
A Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea Pardela Cenicienta
A Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus Pardela Pichoneta
A Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan Pardela Mediterránea
A Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus Pardela Balear
A Macaronesian Shearwater Puffinus baroli Pardela Chica
A Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus Pardela Sombría
A Great Shearwater Puffinus gravis Pardela Capirotada
A Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii Petrel de Bulwer
  Storm Petrels HYDROBATIDAE  
A Wilson's Storm-petrel Oceanites oceanicus Paíño de Wilson
A White-faced Storm-petrel Pelagodroma marina Paíño Pechialbo
A European Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus Paíño Europeo
A Band-rumped Storm-petrel Oceanodroma castro Paíño de Madeira
A Swinhoe's Storm-petrel Oceanodroma monorhis Paíño de Swinhoe
A Leach's Storm-petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa Paíño Boreal
A Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis Zampullín Común
A Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Zampullín Picogrueso
A Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Somormujo Cuellirrojo
- American Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena holboellii Somormujo Cuellirrojo Americano
A Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus Somormujo Lavanco
A Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Zampullín Cuellirrojo
A Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Zampullín Cuellinegro
A Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus Flamenco Común
  Tropicbirds PHAETHONTIDAE  
A Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus Rabijunco Etéreo
A Black Stork Ciconia nigra Cigüeña Negra
A White Stork Ciconia ciconia Cigüeña Blanca
  Ibises, Spoonbills THRESKIORNITHIDAE  
A,E3 Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita Ibis Eremita
A Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Morito Común
A Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia Espátula Común
  Herons, Bitterns ARDEIDAE  
A Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris Avetoro Común
A American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Avetoro Lentiginoso
A Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus Avetorillo Común
A Dwarf Bittern Ixobrychus sturmii Avetorillo Plomizo
A Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Martinete Común
A Green Heron Butorides virescens Garcita verdosa
A Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides Garcilla Cangrejera
A,E2 Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Garcilla Bueyera
A Grey Heron Ardea cinerea Garza Real
A Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Garza Azulada
A Purple Heron Ardea purpurea Garza Imperial
A Western Great Egret Egretta alba Garceta Grande
A? Eastern Great Egret Egretta modesta ?
A Tricoloured Heron Hydranassa tricolor Garceta Tricolor
A Little Egret Egretta garzetta Garceta Común
- Little Egret X Western Reef Heron Egretta garzetta x gularis  
A Western Reef Heron Egretta gularis Garceta Dimorfa
  Frigatebirds FREGATIDAE  
A Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens Rabihorcado Magnífico
- Frigatebird sp. Fregata sp. Rabihorcado sp.
  Pelicans PELECANIDAE  
A,E3 Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus Pelícano Común
  Gannets, Boobies SULIDAE  
A Northern Gannet Morus bassanus Alcatraz Atlántico
- Cape / Australasian Gannet Morus capensis / serrator Alcatraz de El Cabo / Australiano
A Masked Booby Sula dactylatra Piquero Enmascarado
A Brown Booby Sula leucogaster Piquero Pardo
  Cormorants, Shags PHALACROCORACIDAE  
B Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmeus Cormorán Pigmeo
A European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis Cormorán Moñudo
A,E3 Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Cormorán Grande
A Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus águila Pescadora
  Kites, Hawks & Eagles ACCIPITRIDAE  
A European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus Abejero Europeo
A Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus Elanio Común
A,E3 Red Kite Milvus milvus Milano Real
A Black Kite Milvus migrans Milano Negro
A White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla Pigargo Europeo
A Bearded Vulture (Lammergeier) Gypaetus barbatus Quebrantahuesos
A Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus Alimoche Común
A?,D White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus Buitre Dorsiblanco
A Rüppell's Vulture Gyps rueppellii Buitre Moteado
A,E3 Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus Buitre Leonado
A,E3 Cinereous (=Monk) Vulture Aegypius monachus Buitre Negro
B Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus Buitre Orejudo
A Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus Culebrera Europea
A Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus Aguilucho Lagunero Occidental
A Northern (=Hen) Harrier Circus cyaneus Aguilucho Pálido
A Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus Aguilucho Papialbo
A Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus Aguilucho Cenizo
A Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Gavilán Común
A,E3 Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Azor Común
A,E3 Common Buzzard Buteo buteo Busardo Ratonero
A Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus Busardo Moro
A Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus Busardo Calzado
A Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina águila Pomerana
A Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga águila Moteada
- Lesser / Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga / pomarina  
- Lesser X Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga x pomarina  
B? Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax águila Rapaz
A? Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis águila Esteparia
A Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti águila Imperial Ibérica
B Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca águila Imperial Oriental
A,E3 Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos águila Real
A Bonelli's Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus águila-azor Perdicera
A Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus Aguililla Calzada
  Caracaras, Falcons FALCONIDAE  
A Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni Cernícalo Primilla
A,E3 Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Cernícalo Vulgar
A Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus Cernícalo Patirrojo
A Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae Halcón de Eleonora
A Merlin Falco columbarius Esmerejón
A Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo Alcotán Europeo
A,E3 Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus Halcón Borní
A?,D Saker Falcon Falco cherrug Halcón Sacre
A,E3 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Halcón Peregrino
A Barbary Falcon Falco pelegrinoides Halcón Tagarote
  Bustards OTIDIDAE  
A Great Bustard Otis tarda Avutarda Común
A Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata Avutarda Hubara
A Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax Sisón Común
  Rails, Crakes & Coots RALLIDAE  
A Water Rail Rallus aquaticus Rascón Europeo
A African Crake Crecopsis egregia Guión Africano
A Corn Crake Crex crex Guión de Codornices
A Little Crake Porzana parva Polluela Bastarda
A Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla Polluela Chica
A Spotted Crake Porzana porzana Polluela Pintoja
A Sora Crake Porzana carolina Polluela Sora
A Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio Calamón Común
A? African Swamphen Porphyrio madagascariensis ?
A Allen's Gallinule Porphyrio alleni Calamoncillo Africano
A Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica Calamoncillo americano
A Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Gallineta Común
A Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata Focha Moruna
A Eurasian Coot Fulica atra Focha Común
A American Coot Fulica americana Focha Americana
  Cranes GRUIDAE  
B,D,E3 Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo Grulla Damisela
A Common Crane Grus grus Grulla Común
  Buttonquails TURNICIDAE  
A Kurrichane (=Small) Buttonquail Turnix sylvaticus Torillo Andaluz
  Stone-curlews, Thick-knees BURHINIDAE  
A Eurasian Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus Alcaraván Común
  Oystercatchers HAEMATOPODIDAE  
B (extinct) Canary Islands Oystercatcher Haematopus meadewaldoi Ostrero Negro Canario
A Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus Ostrero Euroasiático
  Stilts, Avocets RECURVIROSTRIDAE  
A Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus Cigüeñuela Común
A Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta Avoceta Común
A Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Avefría Europea
A Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius Avefría Sociable
A White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus Avefría Coliblanca
A European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria Chorlito Dorado Europeo
A Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva Chorlito Dorado Siberiano
- Pacific / American Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva / dominica  
A American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica Chorlito Dorado Americano
A Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola Chorlito Gris
A Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula Chorlitejo Grande
A Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Chorlitejo Semipalmeado
A Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Chorlitejo Chico
A Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Chorlitejo Culirrojo
A Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius Chorlitejo Pecuario
A Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus Chorlitejo Patinegro
A Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus Chorlitejo Mongol Chico
A Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii Chorlitejo Mongol Grande
- Lesser / Greater Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus / leschenaultii  
A Eurasian Dotterel Charadrius morinellus Chorlito Carambolo
  Sandpipers, Snipes SCOLOPACIDAE  
A Woodcock Scolopax rusticola Chocha Perdiz
A Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus Agachadiza Chica
A Great Snipe Gallinago media Agachadiza Real
A Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago Agachadiza Común
A Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Agujeta Escolopácea
- Long- / Short- billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus / griseus  
A Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa Aguja Colinegra
A Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica Aguja Colipinta
A Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Zarapito Trinador
- Hudsonian Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus Zarapito Trinador Americano
B Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris Zarapito Fino
A Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata Zarapito Real
A Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Correlimos Batitú
A Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus Archibebe Oscuro
A Common Redshank Tringa totanus Archibebe Común
A Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis Archibebe Fino
A Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Archibebe Claro
A Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca Archibebe Patigualdo Grande
A Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes Archibebe Patigualdo Chico
A Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Andarríos Grande
A Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Andarríos solitario
A Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola Andarríos Bastardo
A Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus Andarríos del Terek
A Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Andarríos Chico
A Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius Andarríos Maculado
A Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Vuelvepiedras Común
A Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris Correlimos Grande
A Red Knot Calidris canutus Correlimos Gordo
A Sanderling Calidris alba Correlimos Tridáctilo
A Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Correlimos Semipalmeado
A Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Correlimos de Alaska
A? Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis Correlimos Cuellirojo
A Little Stint Calidris minuta Correlimos Menudo
A Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii Correlimos de Temminck
A Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Correlimos Menudillo
A White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Correlimos Culiblanco
A Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Correlimos de Baird
A Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Correlimos Pectoral
A Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata Correlimos Acuminado
A Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Correlimos Zarapitín
A Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima Correlimos Oscuro
A Dunlin Calidris alpina Correlimos Común
A Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus Correlimos Zancolín
A Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus Correlimos Falcinelo
A Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis Correlimos Canelo
A Ruff Philomachus pugnax Combatiente
A Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Falaropo Tricolor
A Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Falaropo Picofino
A Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Falaropo Picogrueso
  Coursers, Pratincoles GLAREOLIDAE  
A Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor Corredor Sahariano
A Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola Canastera Común
A Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni Canastera Alinegra
  Gulls, Terns & Skimmers LARIDAE  
A Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Gaviota Tridáctila
A Sabine's Gull Chroicocephalus sabini Gaviota de Sabine
A Slender-billed Gull Chroicocephalus genei Gaviota Picofina
A Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia Gaviota de Bonaparte
A Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus Gaviota Reidora
A Grey-headed Gull Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus Gaviota Cabecigrís
A Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus Gaviota Enana
A Ross's Gull Rhodostethia rosea Gaviota Rosada
A Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla Gaviota Guanaguanare
A Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan Gaviota Pipizcan
A Audouin's Gull Ichthyaetus audouinii Gaviota de Audouin
A Mediterranean Gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalus Gaviota Cabecinegra
A Mew (=Common) Gull Larus canus Gaviota Cana
A Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Gaviota de Delaware
A Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Gavión Atlántico
A Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus Gavión Hiperbóreo
- Glaucous X Herring Gull Larus hyperboreus x argentatus  
A Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides Gaviota Groenlandesa
A European Herring Gull Larus argentatus Gaviota Argéntea Europea
A American Herring Gull Larus smithsonianus Gaviota Argéntea Americana
A Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans Gaviota Cáspica
A Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis Gaviota Patiamarilla
A Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus Gaviota Sombría
- Baltic Gull Larus fuscus fuscus Gaviota Báltica
A Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica Pagaza Piconegra
A Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia Pagaza Piquirroja
A Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus Charrán Real
A Elegant Tern Thalasseus elegans Charrán Elegante
A Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis Charrán Bengalés
A Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis Charrán Patinegro
A Little Tern Sternula albifrons Charrancito Común
A Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus Charrán Sombrío
A Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii Charrán Rosado
A Common Tern Sterna hirundo Charrán Común
A Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea Charrán ártico
A Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Charrán de Forster
A Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida Fumarel Cariblanco
A White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus Fumarel Aliblanco
A Black Tern Chlidonias niger Fumarel Común
- South Polar / Brown Skua Stercorarius maccormicki / antarctica Págalo Polar / Subantártico
A Great Skua Stercorarius skua Págalo Grande
A Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus Págalo Pomarino
A Parasitic Jaeger (=Arctic Skua) Stercorarius parasiticus Págalo Parásito
A Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus Págalo Rabero
  Auks ALCIDAE  
A Little Auk Alle alle Mérgulo Atlántico
A Common Murre (=Guillemot) Uria aalge Arao Común
A Razorbill Alca torda Alca Común
A Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle Arao Aliblanco
A Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica Frailecillo Atlántico
  Sandgrouse PTEROCLIDIDAE  
B Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus Ganga de Pallas
A Pin-tailed Sandgrouse Pterocles alchata Ganga Ibérica
A Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis Ganga Ortega
  Pigeons, Doves COLUMBIDAE  
A,C2,C4 Common Pigeon (=Rock Dove) Columba livia Paloma Bravía
A Stock Dove Columba oenas Paloma Zurita
A Common Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus Paloma Torcaz
A Bolle's Pigeon Columba bollii Paloma Turqué
A Laurel Pigeon Columba junoniae Paloma Rabiche
A European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur Tórtola Europea
A,E3 Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis Tórtola Oriental
A Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Tórtola Turca
C4 African Collared Dove Streptopelia roseogrisea var. risoria Tórtola Rosigrís
C1 Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri Cotorra de Kramer
C1 Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus Cotorra Argentina
  Cuckoos CUCULIDAE  
A Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius Críalo Europeo
A Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Cuclillo Piquigualdo
A Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus Cuco Común
  Barn Owls TYTONIDAE  
A,E3 Western Barn Owl Tyto alba Lechuza Común
A Eurasian Scops Owl Otus scops Autillo Europeo
A,E3 Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo bubo Búho Real
A Tawny Owl Strix aluco Cárabo Europeo
A Little Owl Athene noctua Mochuelo Común
A Boreal (=Tengmalm's) Owl Aegolius funereus Mochuelo Boreal
A Long-eared Owl Asio otus Búho Chico
A Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Búho Campestre
A Marsh Owl Asio capensis Búho Moro
A Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor Añapero Yanqui
A Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis Chotacabras Pardo
A European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus Chotacabras Gris
A? Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius Chotacabras Egipcio
  Swifts APODIDAE  
A White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus Rabitojo Mongol
A Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica Vencejo de Chimenea
A Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba Vencejo Real
A Common Swift Apus apus Vencejo Común
A Plain Swift Apus unicolor Vencejo Unicolor
A Pallid Swift Apus pallidus Vencejo Pálido
A Little Swift Apus affinis Vencejo Moro
A White-rumped Swift Apus caffer Vencejo Cafre
  Rollers CORACIIDAE  
A European Roller Coracias garrulus Carraca Europea
  Kingfishers ALCEDINIDAE  
A Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis Martín Pescador Común
A? Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon Martín Gigante Norteamericano
  Bee-eaters MEROPIDAE  
A Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus Abejaruco Persa
A European Bee-eater Merops apiaster Abejaruco Europeo
  Hoopoes UPUPIDAE  
A Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops Abubilla
  Woodpeckers PICIDAE  
A Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla Torcecuello Euroasiático
A Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor Pico Menor
A Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius Pico Mediano
A White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos Pico Dorsiblanco
A Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major Pico Picapinos
A Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius Picamaderos Negro
A European Green Woodpecker Picus viridis Pito Real
  Tyrant Flycatchers TYRANNIDAE  
A Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana Tijereta Sabanera
  Shrikes LANIIDAE  
A Black-crowned Tchagra Tchagra senegalus Chagra del Senegal
A Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio Alcaudón Dorsirrojo
A Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus Alcaudón Isabel
A? Red-tailed Shrike Lanius phoenicuroides ?
A? Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach Alcaudón Colilarga
A Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor Alcaudón Chico
A Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor Alcaudón Norteño
A Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis Alcaudón Real
A Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator Alcaudón Común
- Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator niloticus Alcaudón Común Oriental
A Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus Alcaudón Núbico
  Vireos, Greenlets VIREONIDAE  
A Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus Vireo Ojirrojo
  Figbirds, Orioles ORIOLIDAE  
A Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus Oropéndola Europea
  Crows, Jays CORVIDAE  
A Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius Arrendajo
A Iberian (Azure-winged) Magpie Cyanopica cooki Rabilargo Ibérico
A,E3 Eurasian Magpie Pica pica Urraca
A,E3 Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes Cascanueces
A Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Chova Piquirroja
A Alpine Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus Chova Piquigualda
A Western Jackdaw Corvus monedula Grajilla
A Rook Corvus frugilegus Graja
A Carrion Crow Corvus corone Corneja Común
A Hooded Crow Corvus cornix Corneja Cenicienta
A Northern Raven Corvus corax Cuervo
A,E3 Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Ampelis Europeo
  Tits, Chickadees PARIDAE  
A Marsh Tit Poecile palustris Carbonero Palustre
A Coal Tit Periparus ater Carbonero Garrapinos
A European Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus Herrerillo Capuchino
A Great Tit Parus major Carbonero Común
A Eurasian Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus Herrerillo Común
A African BlueTit Cyanistes teneriffae Herrerillo Africano
  Penduline Tits REMIZIDAE  
A Eurasian Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus Pájaro-moscón Europeo
  Bearded Reedling PANURIDAE  
A Bearded Reedling Panurus biarmicus Bigotudo
A Greater Hoopoe-Lark Alaemon alaudipes Alondra Ibis
A Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra Calandria Común
A Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura Terrera Colinegra
A Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla Terrera Común
A Lesser Short-toed Lark Calandrella rufescens Terrera Marismeña
A Dupont's Lark Chersophilus duponti Alondra Ricotí
A Crested Lark Galerida cristata Cogujada Común
A Thekla Lark Galerida theklae Cogujada Montesina
A WoodLark Lullula arborea Alondra Totovía
A Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis Alondra Común
A Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris Alondra Cornuda
A,E3 Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus Bulbul Naranjero
  Swallows, Martins HIRUNDINIDAE  
A Sand Martin Riparia riparia Avión Zapador
A Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Golondrina Común
A Eurasian Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris Avión Roquero
A Common House Martin Delichon urbicum Avión Común
A Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica Golondrina Dáurica
A American Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Golondrina Risquera
  Cettia bush warblers & allies CETTIDAE  
A Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti Cetia Ruiseñor
A Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus Mito Común
  Leaf warblers & allies PHYLLOSCOPIDAE  
A Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus Mosquitero Musical
A Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Mosquitero Común
- Siberian' Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita tristis Mosquitero Común Siberiano
- Siberian' / fulvescens Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita tristis/fulvescens  
A Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus Mosquitero Ibérico
A Canary Islands Chiffchaff Phylloscopus canariensis Mosquitero Canario
A Western Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli Mosquitero Papialbo
A Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix Mosquitero Silbador
A Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus Mosquitero Sombrío
A Radde's Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi Mosquitero de Schwarz
A Pallas's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus Mosquitero de Pallas
A Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus Mosquitero Bilistado
A Hume's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus humei Mosquitero de Hume
A? Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis Mosquitero Boreal
A Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides Mosquitero Troquiloide
  Reed warblers & allies ACROCEPHALIDAE  
A Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus Carricero Tordal
A Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon Carricerín Real
A Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola Carricerín Cejudo
A Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Carricerín Común
A Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola Carricero Agrícola
A Blyth's Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum Carricero de Blyth
A Eurasian Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus Carricero Común
A Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris Carricero Políglota
A Booted Warbler Iduna caligata Zarcero Escita
A Western Olivaceous Warbler Iduna opaca Zarcero Pálido Occidental
A Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta Zarcero Común
A Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina Zarcero Icterino
  Grassbirds & allies MEGALURIDAE  
A Common Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia Buscarla Pintoja
A River Warbler Locustella fluviatilis Buscarla Fluvial
A Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides Buscarla Unicolor
  Cisticolas & allies CISTICOLIDAE  
A Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis Cistícola Buitrón
  Babblers, Parrotbills TIMALIIDAE  
C1,E3 Red-billed Leiothrix (=Pekin Robin) Leiothrix lutea Ruiseñor del Japón
  Sylviid Babblers SYLVIIDAE  
A Eurasian Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla Curruca Capirotada
A Garden Warbler Sylvia borin Curruca Mosquitera
A Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria Curruca Gavilana
A Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca Curruca Zarcerilla
A Western Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis Curruca Mirlona
A African Desert Warbler Sylvia deserti Curruca Sahariana
A Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis Curruca Zarcera
A Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata Curruca Rabilarga
A Marmora's Warbler Sylvia sarda Curruca Sarda
A Balearic Warbler Sylvia balearica Curruca Balear
A Tristram's Warbler Sylvia deserticola Curruca de Tristram
A Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata Curruca Tomillera
A Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans Curruca Carrasqueña
- Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans albistriata Curruca Carrasqueña
A? Moltoni's Warbler Sylvia moltonii ?
A Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala Curruca Cabecinegra
  Goldcrests, Kinglets REGULIDAE  
A Common Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla Reyezuelo Listado
A Goldcrest Regulus regulus Reyezuelo Sencillo
A Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes Chochín Común
  Nuthatches SITTIDAE  
A Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea Trepador Azul
A Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria Treparriscos
  Treecreepers CERTHIIDAE  
A Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris Agateador Euroasiatico
A Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla Agateador Europeo
  Mockingbirds, Thrashers MIMIDAE  
A Grey Catbird Dumetella carolinensis Pájaro-gato Gris
  Starlings STURNIDAE  
A Rosy Starling Pastor roseus Estornino Rosado
A Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris Estornino Pinto
A,E3 Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor Estornino Negro
  Thrushes TURDIDAE  
B White's Thrush Zoothera dauma Zorzal Dorado
A? Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus ?
A Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus Mirlo Capiblanco
A Common Blackbird Turdus merula Mirlo Común
A? Naumann's Thrush Turdus naumanni Zorzal de Naumann
A Black-throated Thrush Turdus atrogularis Zorzal Papinegro
A Fieldfare Turdus pilaris Zorzal Real
A Redwing Turdus iliacus Zorzal Alirrojo
A Song Thrush Turdus philomelos Zorzal Común
A Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus Zorzal Charlo
A American Robin Turdus migratorius Zorzal Robín
  Chats, Old World Flycatchers MUSCICAPIDAE  
A European Robin Erithacus rubecula Petirrojo Europeo
A Bluethroat Luscinia svecica Ruiseñor Pechiazul
- White-spotted' Bluethroat Luscinia svecica svecica Ruiseñor Pechiazul de medalla blanca
A Siberian Blue Robin Luscinia cyane Ruiseñor Azul
A Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos Ruiseñor Común
A Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus Ruiseñor Coliazul
A Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin Erythropygia galactotes Alzacola Rojizo
A Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Colirrojo Tizón
A Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus Colirrojo Real
A Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri Colirrojo Diademado
A Whinchat Saxicola rubetra Tarabilla Norteña
A Canary Islands Stonechat Saxicola dacotiae Tarabilla Canaria
A European Stonechat Saxicola torquatus Tarabilla Común
A Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maurus Tarabilla Siberiana
A? Isabelline Wheatear 1 Oenanthe isabellina Collalba Isabel
A Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Collalba Gris
A Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica Collalba Rubia
- Eastern' Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica melanoleuca Collalba Rubia
A Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti Collalba Desértica
A White-crowned Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga Collalba Yebélica
A Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura Collalba Negra
A Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis Roquero Rojo
A Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius Roquero Solitario
A Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata Papamoscas Gris
A European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca Papamoscas Cerrojillo
- European Pied X Collared Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca x albicollis  
A Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis Papamoscas Collarino
A Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva Papamoscas Papirrojo
  Dippers CINCLIDAE  
A White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus Mirlo-acuático Europeo
  Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches PASSERIDAE  
A,E1 House Sparrow Passer domesticus Gorrión Común
A Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis Gorrión Moruno
A Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus Gorrión Molinero
A Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia Gorrión Chillón
A White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis Gorrión Alpino
  Waxbills, Munias & Allies ESTRILDIDAE  
C1 Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild Pico de Coral
C1,E2 Red Avadavat Amandava amandava Bengalí Rojo
  Accentors PRUNELLIDAE  
A Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris Acentor Alpino
A Dunnock Prunella modularis Acentor Común
  Wagtails, Pipits MOTACILLIDAE  
A Western Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava Lavandera Boyera
- Black-headed Wagtail Motacilla flava feldegg Lavandera Boyera Balcánica
A Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola Lavandera Cetrina
A Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea Lavandera Cascadeña
A White Wagtail Motacilla alba Lavandera Blanca
A Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi Bisbita de Richard
A Blyth's Pipit Anthus godlewskii Bisbita Estepario
A Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris Bisbita Campestre
A Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis Bisbita Pratense
A Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis Bisbita Arbóreo
A Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni Bisbita de Hodgson
A Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus Bisbita Gorgirrojo
A Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta Bisbita Alpino
A Eurasian Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus Bisbita Costero
A Berthelot's Pipit Anthus berthelotii Bisbita Caminero
A Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Pinzón Vulgar
- Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs africana Pinzón Vulgar (ssp. Norteafricana)
A Blue Chaffinch Fringilla teydea Pinzón Azul
A Brambling Fringilla montifringilla Pinzón Real
A European Serin Serinus serinus Verdecillo
A,E3 Atlantic Canary Serinus canaria Canario
A European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris Verderón Común
A Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus Lúgano
A,E3 European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis Jilguero
A Citril Finch Carduelis citrinella Verderón Serrano
A,E3 Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea Pardillo Sizerín
A Twite Carduelis flavirostris Pardillo Piquigualdo
A Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina Pardillo Común
A,E3 Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus Camachuelo Trompetero
A Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus Camachuelo Carminoso
A Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Piquituerto Común
A Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula Camachuelo Común
A Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes Picogordo
  New World Warblers PARULIDAE  
A Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata Picafollas Coronado
A? American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla Reinita Americano
A Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Reinita de Louisiana
  Buntings, New World Sparrows & Allies EMBERIZIDAE  
A Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra Triguero
A Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella Escribano Cerillo
A Pine Bunting Emberiza leucocephalos Escribano de Gmelin
A Rock Bunting Emberiza cia Escribano Montesino
A Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana Escribano Hortelano
A Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus Escribano Soteño
A?,D,E3 House Bunting Emberiza sahari Escribano Sahariano
A Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla Escribano Pigmeo
A Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica Escribano Rústico
A Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola Escribano Aureolado
A Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala Escribano Cabecinegro
A Common Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus Escribano Palustre
  Longspurs, Snow Buntings CALCARIIDAE  
A Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Escribano Lapón
A Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis Escribano Nival
  Ducks, Geese and Allies ANATIDAE  
D,E3 White-faced Whistling Duck Dendrocygna viduata Suirirí Cariblanco
D,E3 Fulvous Whistling Duck Dendrocygna bicolor Suirirí Bicolor
D,E3 Snow Goose Anser caerulescens Ansar Nival
D,E3 Wood Duck Aix sponsa Pato Joyuyo
D,E3 Falcated Duck Anas falcata Cerceta de Alfanjes
D,E3 Baikal Teal Anas formosa Cerceta del Baikal
D,E3 Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera Cerceta Colorada
D Bufflehead Bucephala albeola Porrón Albeola
D Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica Porrón Islándico
D Hooded Merganser Mergus cucullatus Serreta Capuchona
D,E3 Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor Flamenco Enano
D,E3 Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis Tántalo Africano
D,E3 Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumeniferus Marabú Africano
  Ibises, Spoonbills THRESKIORNITHIDAE  
D,E3 African Spoonbill Platalea alba Espátula Africana
  Pelicans PELECANIDAE  
D,E3 Pink-backed Pelican Pelecanus rufescens Pelícano Rosado
  Kites, Hawks & Eagles ACCIPITRIDAE  
D American Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Elanio Tijereta
D Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus Alimoche Sombrío
  Rails, Crakes & Coots RALLIDAE  
D Lesser Moorhen Gallinula angulata Gallineta Chica
  Gulls, Terns LARIDAE  
D? Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus Gaviota Cocinera
D Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens Gaviota de Bering
  Pigeons, Doves COLUMBIDAE  
D,E3 Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis Tórtola Senegalesa
D Namaqua Dove Oena capensis Tortolita Rabilarga
  Crows, Jays CORVIDAE  
D House Crow Corvus splendens Corneja India
  Mockingbirds, Thrashers MIMIDAE  
D Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Sisonte Norteño
D Desert Finch Rhodospiza obsoleta Camachuelo Desertícola
  Buntings, New World Sparrows & Allies EMBERIZIDAE  
D,E3 Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides Escribano de Brandt
D,E3 Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps Escribano Carirrojo
Unconfirmed records; however specimens may still exist for one or two.
  Petrels, Shearwaters PROCELLARIIDAE  
? Cape Petrel 2 Daption capense Petrel Damero
  Auks ALCIDAE  
? Thick-billed Murre (=Brünnich's Guillemot) 3 Uria lomvia Arao de Brünnich
? White-winged Lark 3 Melanocorypha leucoptera Calandria Aliblanca
  Wagtails, Pipits MOTACILLIDAE  
? Pechora Pipit 3 Anthus gustavi Bisbita del Pechora
  Grosbeaks, Saltators & Allies CARDINALIDAE  
? Rose-breasted Grosbeak 3 Pheucticus ludovicianus Picogordo Pechirrojo


1 Pre-RBC + 1 pending; unconfirmed
2 Confirmed off Gibraltar; by inference also in Spanish waters, but considered of doubtful origin
3 Pre-RBC; unconfirmed

HomeTours for 2022+About IWTTestimonialsIWT BlogContact us Publications
Wildlife books
Wildlife articles
Custom wildlife & birding tours
Birds & birdwatching
List of birds
Geography & climate
List of dragonflies & damselflies
Travellers' Nature Guide species menu
Cabo de Gata
Sierra de Grazalema
Grazalema botanical trip report 2007
Benasque botanical trip report 2008
Natural History of the Canary Islands
Fuerteventura trip report
Catalan Pyrenees botanical trip report 2005
Birds & birding
Location & geography
List of birds
List of butterflies
List of dragonflies & damselflies
La Mancha tours
Birds & birding
Botanical trip report 2009
Birds & birding
List of dragonflies & damselflies
A naturalist's paradise
List of orchids
Botanical trip report 2004
Butterfly & moth trip report 2005
Butterfly & moth trip report 2006
Butterfly & moth trip report 2008
List of butterflies
Picos walking guide
Natural history of the Arrábida
Wildlife of the Sado estuary
Botanical trip report 2006
Ecuador cloudforest birdwatching
Birds & bison in Poland
All photos and text © copyright of the authors.

Home  |  About Iberian Wildlife Tours  |  Contact

Website by Richard Albion